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Type VII collagen, a major component of skin-anchoring fibrils, is synthesized by both fibroblasts and keratinocytes, the two principal cell types in the skin. In this study, we examined the effects of ultraviolet A (UVA) irradiation on the expression of type VII collagen in human fibroblasts. UVA irradiation (0-15 J/cm2) caused a dose-dependent increase(More)
IgA autoantibodies from the sera of some patients with linear IgA bullous dermatosis (LABD) recognize a 97 kDa antigen (LABD97) located in the lamina lucida of the basement membrane zone. As LABD autoantibodies do not react with the 180 and 230 kDa proteins recognized by bullous pemphigoid autoantibodies, LABD97 has been thought to represent a separate(More)
Molecular definition of disease at the level of the gene and advances in recombinant DNA technology suggest that many diseases are amenable to correction by genes not bearing the defective elements that result in disease. Many questions must be answered before this therapy can be used to correct chronic diseases. These questions fall into safety and(More)
Cells transduced ex vivo with transgenes encoded on retroviruses have constant and prolonged expression in vitro; however, in vivo expression is quickly lost. Much attention has been directed at methods to circumvent this problem. We have shown that loss of transgene expression does not occur when transduced immortalized 3T3 cells are transplanted to the in(More)
Somatic gene therapy has been proposed as a means of treating inherited diseases involving defective or absent plasma proteins, viral diseases, and cancer. Introduction of the gene of interest into fibroblasts and implantation of these genetically modified fibroblasts using a skin equivalent system may be an attractive model for gene therapy because skin(More)
BACKGROUND Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is an acute illness characterized by rapid onset of skin necrosis and high mortality. Standard treatment is primarily aimed at supportive care in a burn unit setting. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the outcome of 8 pediatric patients treated for TEN with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) over a 3-year period. METHODS(More)
Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is an adverse drug reaction most commonly associated with aromatic antiepileptic agents. It is characterized by the triad of skin eruption, fever, and systemic involvement, with the latter usually manifesting as hepatitis and lymphadenopathy. Mortality is primarily due to hepatic failure and(More)
This study was designed to investigate the biochemical mechanisms responsible for the connective tissue changes seen in actinically damaged skin, which is characterized histologically by diminution and ultrastructural alterations of collagen fibrils and deposition of elastotic material in the papillary dermis. We hypothesized that ultraviolet light could(More)
Using a collagen film assay utilizing 14C-labeled type I collagen, we demonstrated that cultured human keratinocytes produced a procollagenase after treatment with the tumor-promoting phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Production of collagenase paralleled alterations in cellular morphology induced by TPA. When procollagenase was(More)
Chronic bullous disease of childhood (CBDC) is an autoimmune blistering disease occurring in prepubertal children. Both CBDC and its adult counter-part, linear IgA bullous dermatosis (LABD), are characterized by linear deposition of IgA along the cutaneous basement membrane zone (BMZ). Circulating IgA antibody in LABD has been found to bind to a 97-kDa BMZ(More)