Learn More
Making sense of rapidly evolving evidence on genetic associations is crucial to making genuine advances in human genomics and the eventual integration of this information in the practice of medicine and public health. Assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of this evidence, and hence the ability to synthesize it, has been limited by inadequate reporting(More)
To the Editor: Recent successes in large-scale genetic association studies call for renewed attention to integrating research results, not only among studies, but across disciplines1. At the molecular level, genetic polymorphisms provide a starting point for investigating the functions of complex biological systems. At the population level, epidemiologists(More)
Advances in genomics have led to mounting expectations in regard to their impact on health care and disease prevention. In light of this fact, a comprehensive research agenda is needed to move human genome discoveries into health practice in a way that maximizes health benefits and minimizes harm to individuals and populations. We present a framework for(More)
To quantify the effects of cumulative months of pregnancy, breast feeding, and oral contraceptive use on the risk of developing epithelial ovarian cancer, the authors used data collected for the Cancer and Steroid Hormone Study--a multicenter, population-based, case-control study. Detailed reproductive histories were obtained from 436 women aged 20-54 with(More)
BACKGROUND Several epidemiologic studies suggested that higher sodium and lower potassium intakes were associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Few studies have examined joint effects of dietary sodium and potassium intake on risk of mortality. METHODS To investigate estimated usual intakes of sodium and potassium as well as their(More)
Completion of the human genome sequence has inspired a new wave of epidemiologic studies on the prevalence of gene variants and their associations with diseases in human populations. In 2001, the Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Network launched the HuGE Published Literature database (HuGE Pub Lit), a searchable, online knowledge base of published,(More)
PURPOSE The current clinical value of genomic profiling (testing for genotypes at multiple loci) for assessing susceptibility to common diseases and targeting behavioral and medical interventions is questionable. As common diseases result from many gene-environment interactions, epidemiologic studies should be used to examine the value of genomic profiling(More)
Most common chronic diseases are the result of complex interactions between multiple genetic variants and environmental factors. Despite significant advances in the last decade in the understanding of our genome, there are substantial limitations in epidemiological and analytic approaches to studying the effects of genetic determinants of common chronic(More)
Family history assessment can be used to combine population-wide health promotion and risk-reduction efforts with a high-risk, targeted approach to help reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Family history is an independent predictor of CVD, and the upper portion of the family history distribution explains a larger fraction of CVD in the(More)
Millions of single nucleotide polymorphisms have been identified as a result of the human genome project and the rapid advance of high throughput genotyping technology. Genetic association studies, such as recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS), have provided a springboard for exploring the contribution of inherited genetic variation and(More)