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It has long been suspected that cortical interhemispheric asymmetries may underlie hemispheric language dominance (HLD). To test this hypothesis, we determined interhemispheric asymmetries using stereology and MRI of three cortical regions hypothesized to be related to HLD (Broca's area, planum temporale, and insula) in healthy adults in whom HLD was(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluation of the effectiveness of Microvascular Decompression (MVD) for Trigeminal Neuralgia (TGN), with emphasis on patient's perception of outcome, and satisfaction with the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS A cohort of 372 MVD operations carried out between 1982 and 2005 were reviewed, contact could be attempted with 319 patients.(More)
Leftward volume asymmetry of the pars opercularis and pars triangularis may exist in the human brain, frequently referred to as Broca's area, given the functional asymmetries observed in this region with regard to language expression. However, post-mortem and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have failed to consistently identify such a volumetric(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) against physical sectioning techniques to estimate the volume of human cerebral hemisphere compartments (cortex, subcortex, and their union, called "total"). The volume of these compartments was estimated postmortem for six human subjects from MRI virtual sections and from physical(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of diagnosed neurodevelopmental disorders in children exposed, in utero, to different antiepileptic drug treatments. A prospective cohort of women with epilepsy and a control group of women without epilepsy were recruited from antenatal clinics. The children of this cohort were followed longitudinally(More)
An approach to classifying magnetic resonance (MR) image data is described. The specific application is the classification of MRI scan data according to the nature of the corpus callosum, however the approach has more general applicability. A variation of the ''spectral segmentation with multi-scale graph decomposition " mechanism is introduced. The result(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the cognitive and language development of children born to women with epilepsy (WWE) exposed in utero to levetiracetam (LEV) or sodium valproate (VPA) and control children born to women without epilepsy not taking medication during pregnancy. METHODS The children, aged between 36 and 54 months, were recruited from the United Kingdom(More)
Intentionality, or Theory of Mind, is the ability to explain and predict the behaviour of others by attributing to them intentions and mental states and is hypothesised to be one of several social cognitive mechanisms which have impacted upon brain size evolution. Though the brain activity associated with processing this type of information has been studied(More)
The social brain hypothesis, an explanation for the unusually large brains of primates, posits that the size of social group typical of a species is directly related to the volume of its neocortex. To test whether this hypothesis also applies at the within-species level, we applied the Cavalieri method of stereology in conjunction with point counting on(More)
The objective of this protocol was to provide a rapid, neurofunctionally relevant alternative to region-drawing or automated gyral/sulcal-based techniques. The Cavalieri method and point counting [e.g. Br. J. Radiol. 73 (2000) 679] were used in conjunction with a previously established parcellation methodology [Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 57 (2000) 761] to(More)