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It has long been suspected that cortical interhemispheric asymmetries may underlie hemispheric language dominance (HLD). To test this hypothesis, we determined interhemispheric asymmetries using stereology and MRI of three cortical regions hypothesized to be related to HLD (Broca's area, planum temporale, and insula) in healthy adults in whom HLD was(More)
We have applied the Cavalieri method of modern design stereology with magnetic resonance imaging for estimating the volume of whole-body muscle and fat compartments in four patients with muscular dystrophy, a patient with myopathy, five controls, an anorexic subject, and a body builder. Detailed systematic series (ie, 50) of axial MR images (T1-weighted,(More)
Leftward volume asymmetry of the pars opercularis and pars triangularis may exist in the human brain, frequently referred to as Broca's area, given the functional asymmetries observed in this region with regard to language expression. However, post-mortem and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have failed to consistently identify such a volumetric(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) against physical sectioning techniques to estimate the volume of human cerebral hemisphere compartments (cortex, subcortex, and their union, called "total"). The volume of these compartments was estimated postmortem for six human subjects from MRI virtual sections and from physical(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is associated with pathologic changes in hippocampal physiology and morphology. Our aim was to quantify volume reduction of the right and left hippocampus in patients with TLE and to investigate whether the degree of hippocampal atrophy is related to the side of seizure onset. METHODS The volume of the(More)
The social brain hypothesis, an explanation for the unusually large brains of primates, posits that the size of social group typical of a species is directly related to the volume of its neocortex. To test whether this hypothesis also applies at the within-species level, we applied the Cavalieri method of stereology in conjunction with point counting on(More)
The identification and quantification of morphological alterations that occur in the brain due to neurological disease, development and ageing, is of special interest in brain research. Design-based stereological methods have been widely applied in combination with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to estimate the volume of brain structures. In the Cavalieri(More)
In recent years questions have arisen about whether there are any links between handedness and academic abilities as well as other factors. In this study we investigate the effects of gender, writing hand, relative hand skill, and UK region on mathematics and reading test scores by applying a multivariate linear mixed-effects model. A data sample based on(More)
The aim of this study is to derive a formula that allows the prediction, from a Cavalieri data sample, of an appropriate confidence interval for a parameter Q. Two different approaches are used to address the problem. The first approach is to investigate whether the asymptotic distribution of the Cavalieri estimator exists when the sampling period T tends(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluation of the effectiveness of Microvascular Decompression (MVD) for Trigeminal Neuralgia (TGN), with emphasis on patient's perception of outcome, and satisfaction with the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS A cohort of 372 MVD operations carried out between 1982 and 2005 were reviewed, contact could be attempted with 319 patients.(More)