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OBJECTIVE Visceral obesity assessment is not easy, and although computed tomography (CT) is an accurate tool, this technique is expensive and sometimes not suitable in clinical practice. We developed a new two-dimensional elliptical anthropometric equation to classify visceral obesity and evaluated the validity and the reliability of the new equation(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the need for accurate anthropometric measurement has been repeatedly stressed, reports on growth and physical measurements in human populations rarely include estimates of measurement error. We describe the standardization process and reliability of anthropometric measurements carried out in a pilot study. METHODS For the intraobserver(More)
BACKGROUND Adequate sleep is a critical factor for adolescent's health and health-related behaviors. OBJECTIVE (a) to describe sleep duration in European adolescents from nine countries, (b) to assess the association of short sleep duration with excess adiposity and (c) to elucidate if physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviors and/or inadequate food(More)
The effect of CD on human health is an emerging issue. Many records link CD with diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular, cognitive impairment and obesity, all of them conducive to premature aging. The amount of sleep has declined by 1.5 h over the past century, accompanied by an important increase in obesity. Shift work, sleep deprivation and exposure to(More)
OBJECTIVE To correlate anthropometric, computed tomography and fat cell data from abdominal regions with the levels of serum insulin, C-peptide, leptin, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), testosterone, 17beta-estradiol, androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG). DESIGN AND METHODS The sample(More)
BACKGROUND Circadian Locomotor Output Cycles Kaput (CLOCK), an essential element of the positive regulatory arm in the human biological clock, is involved in metabolic regulation. The aim was to investigate the behavioral (sleep duration, eating patterns and chronobiological characteristics) and hormonal (plasma ghrelin and leptin concentrations) factors(More)
BACKGROUND Disruption of the circadian system may be causal for manifestations of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). OBJECTIVE The objective was to study the associations of 5 CLOCK polymorphisms with MetS features by analyzing fatty acid (FA) composition from dietary and red blood cell (RBC) membrane sources. DESIGN Participants (n = 1100) in the Genetics(More)
INTRODUCTION The success of obesity therapy is dependent on the genetic background of the patient. Circadian Locomotor Output Cycles Kaput (CLOCK), one of the transcription factors from the positive limb of the molecular clock, is involved in metabolic alterations. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether five candidate polymorphisms from CLOCK were associated(More)
Evidence has grown supporting the role for short sleep duration as an independent risk factor for weight gain and obesity. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between sleep duration and dietary quality in European adolescents. The sample consisted of 1522 adolescents (aged 12.5-17.5 years) participating in the European(More)
BACKGROUND There is emerging literature demonstrating a relationship between the timing of feeding and weight regulation in animals. However, whether the timing of food intake influences the success of a weight-loss diet in humans is unknown. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of food timing in weight-loss effectiveness in a sample of 420 individuals who(More)