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The orderly reduction in chromosome number that occurs during meiosis depends on two aspects of chromosome behavior specific to the first meiotic division. These are the retention of cohesion between sister centromeres and their attachment to microtubules that extend to the same pole (monopolar attachment). By deleting genes that are upregulated during(More)
Segregation of homologous maternal and paternal centromeres to opposite poles during meiosis I depends on post-replicative crossing over between homologous non-sister chromatids, which creates chiasmata and therefore bivalent chromosomes. Destruction of sister chromatid cohesion along chromosome arms due to proteolytic cleavage of cohesin's Rec8 subunit by(More)
BACKGROUND Meiosis is the process by which gametes are generated with half the ploidy of somatic cells. This reduction is achieved by three major differences in chromosome behavior during meiosis as compared to mitosis: the production of chiasmata by recombination, the protection of centromere-proximal sister chromatid cohesion, and the monoorientation of(More)
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