Marta Fumagalli

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There have been many advances in our knowledge about different aspects of P2Y receptor signaling since the last review published by our International Union of Pharmacology subcommittee. More receptor subtypes have been cloned and characterized and most orphan receptors de-orphanized, so that it is now possible to provide a basis for a future subdivision of(More)
Nucleotides and cysteinyl-leukotrienes (CysLTs) are unrelated signaling molecules inducing multiple effects through separate G-protein-coupled receptors: the P2Y and the CysLT receptors. Here we show that GPR17, a Gi-coupled orphan receptor at intermediate phylogenetic position between P2Y and CysLT receptors, is specifically activated by both families of(More)
Microglial cells are the major cellular elements with immune function inside the CNS and play important roles in orchestrating inflammatory brain response to hypoxia and trauma. Although a complete knowledge of the endogenous factors leading to a prompt activation of microglia is not yet available, activation of P2 purinoreceptors by extracellular ATP has(More)
Deciphering the mechanisms regulating the generation of new neurons and new oligodendrocytes, the myelinating cells of the central nervous system, is of paramount importance to address new strategies to replace endogenous damaged cells in the adult brain and foster repair in neurodegenerative diseases. Upon brain injury, the extracellular concentrations of(More)
The developing and mature central nervous system contains neural precursor cells expressing the proteoglycan NG2. Some of these cells continuously differentiate to myelin-forming oligodendrocytes; knowledge of the destiny of NG2(+) precursors would benefit from the characterization of new key functional players. In this respect, the G protein-coupled(More)
T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation results in the influx of Ca(2+), which is buffered by mitochondria and promotes adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesis. We found that ATP released from activated T cells through pannexin-1 hemichannels activated purinergic P2X receptors (P2XRs) to sustain mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling. P2XR antagonists,(More)
ATP is the dominant messenger for astrocyte-to-astrocyte calcium-mediated communication. Definition of the exact ATP/P2 receptors in astrocytes and of their coupling to intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) has important implications for brain physiology and pathology. We show that, with the only exception of the P2X(6) receptor, primary rat cortical(More)
The previously "orphan" G protein-coupled receptor GPR17 is structurally related to both P2Y nucleotide receptors and to receptors for cysteinyl leukotrienes. Genomic analysis revealed two putative open reading frames encoding for a "short" and a "long" receptor isoform of 339- and 367-amino acids, respectively, with the latter displaying a 28-amino acid(More)
Receptors for extracellular nucleotides (the P2X-calcium channels and the phospholipase C-coupled P2Y receptors) play key roles in pain signaling, but little is known on their function in trigeminal ganglia, whose hyperactivation leads to the development of migraine pain. Here we characterize calcium signaling via P2X(3) and P2Y receptors in primary mouse(More)
NG2-expressing cells comprise a population of cycling precursors that can exit the cell cycle and differentiate into mature oligodendrocytes. As a whole, they display heterogeneous properties and behaviors that remain unresolved at the molecular level, although partly interpretable as distinct maturation stages. To address this issue, we analyzed the(More)