Marta Epalanga

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Angola, located in South-Western Africa, has a remarkably low HIV/AIDS prevalence in the adult population (3.7%). It is bordered in the North by the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Republic of Congo that are at the origin of human HIV-1 infections. It is, therefore, likely that HIV-1 strains circulating in Angola are genetically diverse and(More)
Few molecular epidemiological data on HIV-1 in Angola are available. In this study, we analysed 37 pol sequences from patients originated from Luanda and Cabinda in Angola. It was our objective to investigate the circulation of different HIV-1 subtypes in this country. We found a high HIV-1 genetic diversity. The predominant subtypes were C and F, while(More)
To investigate which HIV-1 genetic forms are circulating in Angola, we have determined the gag and/or env genotypes of 48 isolates from patients living in Cabinda and Luanda provinces. The following subtypes were identified: A1 (18 samples, 38%), C (7, 15%), H (5, 10%), J (3, 6%), G (2, 4%), A2 (2, 4%), F1 (1, 2%), and D (1, 2%). The env gene fragment was(More)
The rapid test VIKIA HIV1/2 was evaluated in 210 Angolan subjects infected with multiple HIV-1 subtypes and complex recombinant forms and 225 seronegative individuals. All infected subjects tested positive (100% sensitivity); all seronegative subjects tested negative (100% specificity). VIKIA HIV1/2 is highly specific and sensitive even in highly complex(More)
The prevalence of transmitted human immunodeficiency virus type 1 drug resistance in Angola in 2001 in 196 untreated patients was investigated. All subtypes were detected, along with unclassifiable and complex recombinant strains. Numerous new polymorphisms were identified in the reverse transcriptase and protease. Two (1.6%) unrelated patients harbored(More)
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