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Cutaneous melanoma is highly immunogenic, yet primary melanomas and metastases develop successfully in otherwise immunocompetent patients. To investigate the local immunosuppressive microenvironment, we examined the presence of suppressor T lymphocytes and tolerising dendritic cells (DCs), the expression of immunosuppressive cytokines (IL-10, TGFbeta1 and(More)
BACKGROUND NSCLC exhibits considerable heterogeneity in its sensitivity to chemotherapy and similar heterogeneity is noted in vitro in a variety of model systems. This study has tested the hypothesis that the molecular basis of the observed in vitro chemosensitivity of NSCLC lies within the known resistance mechanisms inherent to these patients' tumors. (More)
BACKGROUND Previous reports have suggested that drug-specific lymphocyte proliferation assays (LPA) can be used retrospectively to confirm the culprit drug following delayed-type drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHR). However, only limited evidence supports their use in aiding acute clinical management. The aim of this study was to compare the LPA against(More)
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy benefits relatively few patients with cutaneous melanoma. The assessment of tumour chemosensitivity by the ATP-based tumour chemosensitivity assay (ATP-TCA) has shown strong correlation with outcome in cutaneous melanoma, but requires fresh tissue and dedicated laboratory facilities. AIM To examine whether the results of the(More)
BACKGROUND Uveal melanoma arises in an immune-privileged site and can itself add to the immunosuppressive environment. Previous studies on cutaneous melanoma have shown the presence of tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs), which could play an important role in the progression of the tumour. AIM To examine the presence and functional status of DCs in a small(More)
Langerhans cells (LCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs) residing in the epidermis. Despite their high potential to activate T lymphocytes, current understanding of human LC biology is limited. Genome-wide comparison of the transcriptional profiles of human skin migratory CD1a+ LCs and CD11c+ dermal dendritic cells (DDCs) demonstrated(More)
Human cutaneous dendritic cells (DCs) from epidermal and dermal compartments exhibit functional differences in their induction of CD4+ T-cell and humoral immune responses; however, differences in the regulation of memory CD8+ T-cell responses by human skin DCs remain poorly characterized. We tested the capacity of human Langerhans cells (LCs) and dermal(More)
The incidence of cutaneous melanoma in Europe is rising, and the disease is incurable once metastases occur. Because melanoma expresses antigens that can be specifically recognized by the immune system, and because this disease occasionally undergoes spontaneous regression mediated by anti-tumor immunity, a number of different melanoma vaccines have been(More)
Allergen-specific responses in atopic dermatitis (AD) are skewed toward a Th2 profile. However, individuals with AD have been shown to make effective virus-specific Th1 responses, raising the possibility that the skin itself contributes to driving the AD Th2 immunophenotype. Therefore, to explore the programming of immunological sensitization by the skin,(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian cancer shows considerable heterogeneity in its sensitivity to chemotherapy both clinically and in vitro. This study tested the hypothesis that the molecular basis of this difference lies within the known resistance mechanisms inherent to these patients' tumours. METHODS The chemosensitivity of a series of 31 ovarian tumours, all(More)