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Collagen VI is an extracellular matrix protein that forms a microfilamentous network in skeletal muscles and other organs. Inherited mutations in genes encoding collagen VI in humans cause two muscle diseases, Bethlem myopathy and Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy. We previously generated collagen VI-deficient (Col6a1-/-) mice and showed that they have(More)
Lipodystrophies are a heterogeneous group of human disorders characterized by the anomalous distribution of body fat associated with insulin resistance and altered lipid metabolism. The pathogenetic mechanism of inherited lipodystrophies is not yet clear; at the molecular level they have been linked to mutations of lamin A/C, peroxisome(More)
Farnesylated prelamin A is a processing intermediate produced in the lamin A maturation pathway. Accumulation of a truncated farnesylated prelamin A form, called progerin, is a hallmark of the severe premature ageing syndrome, Hutchinson-Gilford progeria. Progerin elicits toxic effects in cells, leading to chromatin damage and cellular senescence and(More)
Lamin A is a nuclear lamina constituent expressed in differentiated cells. Mutations in the LMNA gene cause several diseases, including muscular dystrophy and cardiomyopathy. Among the nuclear envelope partners of lamin A are Sad1 and UNC84 domain-containing protein 1 (SUN1) and Sad1 and UNC84 domain-containing protein 2 (SUN2), which mediate(More)
To investigate the fate of human megakaryocytes, CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells were purified from the peripheral blood or bone marrow of healthy donors and seeded in serum-free chemically defined suspension cultures. In the presence of thrombopoietin (TPO; 100 ng/mL), CD34-derived cells showed an eightfold numerical expansion and a progressive(More)
Increasing interest in drugs acting on prelamin A has derived from the finding of prelamin A involvement in severe laminopathies. Amelioration of the nuclear morphology by inhibitors of prelamin A farnesylation has been widely reported in progeroid laminopathies. We investigated the effects on chromatin organization of two drugs inhibiting prelamin A(More)
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria (HGPS) is a premature aging syndrome associated with LMNA mutations. Progeria cells bearing the G608G LMNA mutation are characterized by accumulation of a mutated lamin A precursor (progerin), nuclear dysmorphism and chromatin disorganization. In cultured HGPS fibroblasts, we found worsening of the cellular phenotype with patient(More)
A 3-hr exposure of U937 cells to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) followed by a 6-hr posttreatment incubation in fresh culture medium promotes apoptosis or necrosis, depending on the oxidant concentration. Addition of 3-aminobenzamide (3AB) during the recovery phase prevented necrosis and caused apoptosis. 3AB did not, however, affect the apoptotic response of(More)
Emerin is a nuclear membrane-anchored protein which is absent or mutated in patients affected by Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. In this study, we induced apoptosis in cultured mouse myoblasts to evaluate emerin fate during the nuclear destabilization involved in programmed cell death. Emerin proteolysis was observed in myocytes during the apoptotic(More)
Pre-lamin A undergoes subsequent steps of post-translational modification at its C-terminus, including farnesylation, methylation, and cleavage by ZMPSTE24 metalloprotease. Here, we show that accumulation of different intermediates of pre-lamin A processing in nuclei, induced by expression of mutated pre-lamin A, differentially affected chromatin(More)