Marta Columbaro

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Lipodystrophies are a heterogeneous group of human disorders characterized by the anomalous distribution of body fat associated with insulin resistance and altered lipid metabolism. The pathogenetic mechanism of inherited lipodystrophies is not yet clear; at the molecular level they have been linked to mutations of lamin A/C, peroxisome(More)
Collagen VI is an extracellular matrix protein that forms a microfilamentous network in skeletal muscles and other organs. Inherited mutations in genes encoding collagen VI in humans cause two muscle diseases, Bethlem myopathy and Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy. We previously generated collagen VI-deficient (Col6a1-/-) mice and showed that they have(More)
Hutchinson-Gilford progeria (HGPS) is a premature aging syndrome associated with LMNA mutations. Progeria cells bearing the G608G LMNA mutation are characterized by accumulation of a mutated lamin A precursor (progerin), nuclear dysmorphism and chromatin disorganization. In cultured HGPS fibroblasts, we found worsening of the cellular phenotype with patient(More)
Autosomal recessive mandibuloacral dysplasia [mandibuloacral dysplasia type A (MADA); Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) no. 248370] is caused by a mutation in LMNA encoding lamin A/C. Here we show that this mutation causes accumulation of the lamin A precursor protein, a marked alteration of the nuclear architecture and, hence, chromatin(More)
Farnesylated prelamin A is a processing intermediate produced in the lamin A maturation pathway. Accumulation of a truncated farnesylated prelamin A form, called progerin, is a hallmark of the severe premature ageing syndrome, Hutchinson-Gilford progeria. Progerin elicits toxic effects in cells, leading to chromatin damage and cellular senescence and(More)
Lamin A is a nuclear lamina constituent expressed in differentiated cells. Mutations in the LMNA gene cause several diseases, including muscular dystrophy and cardiomyopathy. Among the nuclear envelope partners of lamin A are Sad1 and UNC84 domain-containing protein 1 (SUN1) and Sad1 and UNC84 domain-containing protein 2 (SUN2), which mediate(More)
BACKGROUND Skeletal muscle disorders associated with mutations of lamin A/C gene include autosomal Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy and limb girdle muscular dystrophy 1B. The pathogenic mechanism underlying these diseases is unknown. Recent data suggest an impairment of signalling mechanisms as a possible cause of muscle malfunction. A molecular complex in(More)
A 3-hr exposure of U937 cells to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) followed by a 6-hr posttreatment incubation in fresh culture medium promotes apoptosis or necrosis, depending on the oxidant concentration. Addition of 3-aminobenzamide (3AB) during the recovery phase prevented necrosis and caused apoptosis. 3AB did not, however, affect the apoptotic response of(More)
Fibronectin is one of the main components of the extracellular matrix and associates with a variety of other matrix molecules including collagens. We demonstrate that the absence of secreted type VI collagen in cultured primary fibroblasts affects the arrangement of fibronectin in the extracellular matrix. We observed a fine network of collagen VI filaments(More)
To investigate the fate of human megakaryocytes, CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells were purified from the peripheral blood or bone marrow of healthy donors and seeded in serum-free chemically defined suspension cultures. In the presence of thrombopoietin (TPO; 100 ng/mL), CD34-derived cells showed an eightfold numerical expansion and a progressive(More)