Marta Chevanne

Learn More
The plasminogen activator system is known to play a crucial role in the angiogenesis process by modulating the adhesive properties of endothelial cells to the extracellular matrix and cell-cell interaction. In the present study, we demonstrated that the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) induced neovascular growth in the avascular rabbit cornea and(More)
Conditions to induce and parameters to evaluate sublethal oxidative stress of cultured human fibroblasts have been investigated in the attempt to identify markers for a more accurate quantification of cell injury. Sublethal oxidative stress was obtained by treating fibroblasts with 0.5 mM H2O2 in DMEM plus 5% FCS for times not exceeding 60 min. Under these(More)
The interaction of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) or of u-PA amino-terminal fragment (u-PA-ATF) with the cell surface receptor (u-PAR) was found to stimulate an increase of glucose uptake in many cell lines, ranging from normal and transformed human fibroblasts, mouse fibroblasts transfected with human u-PAR, and cells of epidermal origin. Such(More)
Human MRC5 fibroblasts, at different passages in cultures, were used as an in vitro model to assess variations and/or induction of aging parameters under basal conditions or following sublethal oxidative stress by H2O2. DNA sensitivities to oxidatively-induced breakage, rather than basal levels of damaged DNA, were significantly different between cultures(More)
The capability of PARP activity inhibitors to prevent DNA damage recovery suggested the use of these drugs as chemo- and radio-sensitisers for cancer therapy. Our research, carried out on cultured human M14 melanoma cells, was aimed to examine if PJ-34, a potent PARP activity inhibitor of second generation, was per se able to affect the viability of these(More)
Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is a post-translational modification of protein occurring in the nucleus by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase enzyme activity. The main role of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase system as "nick sensor" and DNA breaks repair is based on its activation via DNA strand breaks. Furthermore, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase modifies the binding to DNA of(More)
Basal and H2O2-induced DNA breaks as well as DNA repair activity and efficacy of the antioxygenic system were determined in human dermal fibroblasts explanted from either (i) young donors and passaged serially to reach replicative senescence or (ii) young, old and centenarian donors and shortly propagated in culture. These fibroblasts have been employed as(More)
Several studies are reviewed dealing with the mechanisms which regulate the cell cycle progression in normal and cancer cells. Using Yoshida AH 130 ascites tumor cells, it has been found that the G1-S transition of these cells is impaired by specific inhibitors of the electron flow through the respiratory chain (antimycin A), although respiratory ATP can be(More)
Oxidative DNA damage has been implicated in the aging process and in some of its features such as telomere shortening and replicative senescence. Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is involved in many molecular and cellular processes, including DNA damage detection and repair, chromatin modification, transcription, and cell death pathways. We decided to examine the(More)
Quantitative data from experiments of gene expression are often normalized through levels of housekeeping genes transcription by assuming that expression of these genes is highly uniform. This practice is being questioned as it becomes increasingly clear that the level of housekeeping genes expression may vary considerably in certain biological samples. To(More)