Marta Catálfamo

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Administration of daclizumab, a humanized mAb directed against the IL-2Ralpha chain, strongly reduces brain inflammation in multiple sclerosis patients. Here we show that daclizumab treatment leads to only a mild functional blockade of CD4(+) T cells, the major candidate in multiple sclerosis pathogenesis. Instead, daclizumab therapy was associated with a(More)
Tuberculosis remains second only to HIV/AIDS as the leading cause of mortality worldwide due to a single infectious agent. Despite chemotherapy, the global tuberculosis epidemic has intensified because of HIV co-infection, the lack of an effective vaccine and the emergence of multi-drug-resistant bacteria. Alternative host-directed strategies could be(More)
The granule exocytosis cytotoxicity pathway is the major molecular mechanism for cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and natural killer (NK) cytotoxicity, but the question of how these cytotoxic lymphocytes avoid self-destruction after secreting perforin has remained unresolved. We show that CTL and NK cells die within a few hours if they are triggered to(More)
Molecular studies have shown that CD1 proteins present self and foreign lipid Ags to T cells, but the possible roles of CD1 in human autoimmune diseases in vivo are not known, especially for the group 1 CD1 isoforms (CD1a, CD1b, and CD1c). To investigate the hypothesis that CD1-restricted T cells might be activated and home to target tissues involved in(More)
The presence of HLA-G mRNA has been studied in thyroid follicular cells from autoimmune patients with Graves' disease. Investigating the possible role of the expression of the HLA-G gene in tissue inflammation, we have found four of the six HLA-G mRNA isoforms described: G1, G2, G3 and G4, but not the soluble ones G5 and G6. Soluble G isoforms may be(More)
HIV infection and the associated chronic immune activation alter T cell homeostasis leading to CD4 T cell depletion and CD8 T cell expansion. The mechanisms behind these outcomes are not totally defined and only partially explained by the direct cytopathic effect of the virus. In this manuscript, we addressed the impact of lymphopenia and chronic exposure(More)
OBJECTIVE The programed death-1 (PD1)/programed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway plays a critical role in balancing immunity and host immunopathology. During chronic HIV/SIV infection, there is persistent immune activation accompanied by accumulation of virus-specific cells with terminally differentiated phenotypes and expression of regulatory receptors such(More)
BACKGROUND Despite successfully suppressed viremia by treatment, patients with high levels of biomarkers of coagulation/inflammation are at an increased risk of developing non-AIDS defining serious illnesses such as cardiovascular diseases. Thus, there is a relationship between persistent immune activation and coagulation/inflammation, although the(More)
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