Marta Catálfamo

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Tuberculosis remains second only to HIV/AIDS as the leading cause of mortality worldwide due to a single infectious agent. Despite chemotherapy, the global tuberculosis epidemic has intensified because of HIV co-infection, the lack of an effective vaccine and the emergence of multi-drug-resistant bacteria. Alternative host-directed strategies could be(More)
Administration of daclizumab, a humanized mAb directed against the IL-2Ralpha chain, strongly reduces brain inflammation in multiple sclerosis patients. Here we show that daclizumab treatment leads to only a mild functional blockade of CD4(+) T cells, the major candidate in multiple sclerosis pathogenesis. Instead, daclizumab therapy was associated with a(More)
Immune activation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of HIV disease. Although the causes are not fully understood, the forces that lead to immune dysfunction differ for CD4 and CD8 T cells. In this study, we report that the molecular pathways that drive immune activation during chronic HIV infection are influenced by differences in the homeostatic(More)
Generation of CD8(+) memory T cells requires antigenic stimulation through T cell receptor (TCR); however, maintenance of CD8(+) memory T cells seems to be mediated by cytokines, such as IL-15, in a TCR-independent manner. Compared with the TCR-induced activation, less is known about the mechanisms of IL-15 action. We report here a comparative and kinetic(More)
Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV) is a rare disease in which previously healthy persons develop severe, life-threatening illness. Mutations in the perforin gene have been found in familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, which shares some features with CAEBV. We studied a patient who died at age 18, 10 years after the onset of CAEBV.(More)
Immature CD4(+)CD8(+) (double-positive (DP)) thymocytes are signaled via T cell antigen receptors (TCRs) to undergo positive selection and become responsive to intrathymic cytokines such as interleukin 7 (IL-7). We report here that cytokine signaling is required for positively selected thymocytes to express the transcription factor Runx3, specify CD8(More)
The granule exocytosis cytotoxicity pathway is the major molecular mechanism for cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and natural killer (NK) cytotoxicity, but the question of how these cytotoxic lymphocytes avoid self-destruction after secreting perforin has remained unresolved. We show that CTL and NK cells die within a few hours if they are triggered to(More)
HIV infection is characterized by a brisk immune activation that plays an important role in the CD4 depletion and immune dysfunction of patients with AIDS. The mechanism underlying this activation is poorly understood. In the current study, we tested the hypothesis that this activation is the net product of two distinct pathways: the inflammatory response(More)
Since the earliest days of the HIV epidemic, the number of CD4(+) T cells per unit volume of blood has been recognized as a major prognostic factor for the development of AIDS in persons with HIV infection. It has also been generally accepted that approximately 2% of total body lymphocytes circulate in the blood. In the present study, we have used a(More)
Perforin defects have been identified in humans with familial hematophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. The pathology of these patients has dramatically illustrated an under-appreciated role for perforin in the regulation of T-cell responses in vivo, and experimental studies are shedding light on the mechanisms involved. The detailed molecular mechanisms of(More)