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Pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) comprises genetically distinct subtypes. However, 25% of cases still lack defined genetic hallmarks. To identify genomic aberrancies in childhood ALL patients nonclassifiable by conventional methods, we performed a single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) array-based genomic analysis of leukemic cells from 29 cases.(More)
The presence of MLL rearrangements in acute leukemia results in a complex number of biological modifications that still remain largely unexplained. Armstrong et al. proposed MLL rearrangement positive ALL as a distinct subgroup, separated from acute lymphoblastic (ALL) and myeloblastic leukemia (AML), with a specific gene expression profile. Here we show(More)
AIM The BRAF mutation is a rare pathogenetic alternative to KIT/PDGFRA mutation in GIST and causes Imatinib resistance. A recent description of KIT and BRAF mutations co-occurring in an untreated GIST has challenged the concept of their being mutually exclusive and may account for ab initio resistance to Imatinib, even in the presence of Imatinib-sensitive(More)
Expression of c-MET, the HGF (hepatocyte growth factor) tyrosine kinase receptor, was investigated in pediatric B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. c-MET was found to be expressed in normal B cells and in B-ALL patients with the t(12;21) TEL-AML1 translocation, but it is not expressed in the most part of B-ALL without the t(12;21). We also found(More)
Acute leukemia, defined as a genetic disease, is the most common cancer in children representing about one half of all cancers among persons younger than 15 years. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) each represents a heterogeneous complex of disorders, with genetic abnormalities presenting in more than 80% of ALLs and more(More)
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