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Cell fusion is essential for fertilization, myotube formation, and inflammation. Macrophages fuse under various circumstances, but the molecular signals involved in the distinct steps of their fusion are not fully characterized. Using null mice and derived cells, we show that the protease MT1-MMP is necessary for macrophage fusion during osteoclast and(More)
Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is a key organizer of membrane specializations and a scaffold protein that regulates signaling in multiple cell types. We found increased Cav-1 expression in human and murine T cells after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Indeed, Cav-1(-/-)donor T cells caused less severe acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and yielded(More)
Anoikis (or cell-detachment-induced apoptosis) is a self-defense strategy that organisms use to eliminate 'misplaced' cells, i.e. cells that are in an inappropriate location. Occasionally, detached or misplaced cells can overcome anoikis and survive for a certain period of time in the absence of the correct signals from the extracellular matrix (ECM). If(More)
Nuclear membrane microdomains are proposed to act as platforms for regulation of nuclear function, but little is known about the mechanisms controlling their formation. Organization of the plasma membrane is regulated by actin polymerization, and the existence of an actin pool in the nucleus suggests that a similar mechanism might operate here. We show that(More)
Caveolae are unique organelles that are found in the plasma membrane of many cell types. They participate in various processes such as lipid recycling, cellular signalling and endocytosis. A variety of signalling molecules localize to caveolae in response to various stimuli, providing a potential mechanism for the spatial regulation of signal transduction(More)
Anchorage-independent growth (AIG) of cancer cells requires escape from integrin-mediated signals. A protein frequently downregulated in cancer, caveolin-1 (Cav1), mediates integrin control of several growth-regulatory pathways. We report that loss of Cav1 results in faster exit from quiescence and progress through the cell cycle, proliferation without(More)
Rab8 is a small Ras-related GTPase that regulates polarized membrane transport to the plasma membrane. Here, we developed a high-content analysis (HCA) tool to dissect Rab8-mediated actin and focal adhesion reorganization that revealed that Rab8 activation significantly induced Rac1 and Tiam1 to mediate cortical actin polymerization and RhoA-dependent(More)
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