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Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex disorder characterized by the progressive degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain. Late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly, affecting about 5% of the population older than 65 years. Several works have demonstrated the involvement of inflammation in the(More)
OBJECTIVES We report our experience and results with extradural cortical stimulation (ECS) in the surgical treatment of Parkinson's Disease (PD). Besides, we review the literature supporting the use of this technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS Six patients with advanced PD and exclusion criteria for Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) were included in our ECS(More)
Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been implicated in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD). Mitochondrial function is necessary to supply the energy required for cell metabolism, and mutations in mitochondrial genes should have a deleterious effect in neuronal function. An association between several common mtDNA-polymorphisms and the risk(More)
Nitric oxide synthases (NOS) and mitochondrial DNA-polymorphisms have been associated with the risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD). In this report, we genotyped 450 PD-patients and 200 controls for three polymorphisms in the endothelial, inducible and neuronal NOS-genes, and for the T4336C and A10398G mitochondrial DNA-polymorphisms. None of the(More)
Mutations in the PARKIN gene have been identified in families with recessively inherited Parkinson disease (PD). Common DNA-polymorphisms at the PARKIN gene could contribute to the risk for PD in the general population. Here we searched for DNA-polymorphisms in the PARKIN promoter. We found two single nucleotide polymorphisms (-324 A/G and -797 A/G). In(More)
MicroRNAs are small RNA sequences that negatively regulate gene expression by binding to the 3' untranslated regions of mRNAs. MiR-133b has been implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD) by a mechanism that involves the regulation of the transcription factor PITX3. The variation in these genes could contribute to the risk of developing PD. We searched for DNA(More)
Mitochondrial function is necessary to supply the energy required for cell metabolism. Mutations/polymorphisms in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD). The mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) controls the transcription of mtDNA and regulates the mtDNA-copy number, thus being important for maintaining ATP(More)
Since the 1980's and 1990's, GPS and INS/GPS data, respectively, have been used to support sensor calibration and orientation of kinematic primary data acquisition systems. Aerial control position and attitude observations, well-known to the photogrammetric community, are used for Direct Sensor Orientation (DSO) and combined with the traditional aerial(More)
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