Marta Bagatin

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We introduce a new hardware/software platform for testing SRAM-based FPGAs under heavy-ion and neutron beams, capable of tracing the bit-flips in the configuration memory back to the physical resources affected in the FPGA. The validation was performed using, for the first time, the neutron source at the RAL-ISIS facility. The ISIS beam features a 1/E(More)
We review ionizing radiation effects in Flash memories, the current dominant technology in the commercial non-volatile memory market. A comprehensive discussion of total dose and single event effects results is presented, concerning both floating gate cells and peripheral circuitry. The latest developments, including new findings on the mechanism underlying(More)
The corruption of the information stored in floating gate cells due to heavy-ion strikes is a critical issue for the use of Flash memories in space. In this work we examine how feature size scaling affects the single event upset sensitivity of multi-level floating gate cells with NAND architecture. Both experimental data on heavy-ion irradiation and(More)
We studied heavy-ion effects on floating gate memories, focusing on the generation of tails in the threshold voltage distributions after irradiation. Using both experiments and simulations based on the Geant4 toolkit, we provide new insight, distinguishing two types of events, large events and small events, which are responsible for the secondary peak and(More)
Heavy-ion irradiation of NAND flash memories under operating conditions leads to errors with complex, data-dependent signatures. We present upsets due to hits in the floating gate array and in the peripheral circuitry, discussing their peculiarities in terms of pattern dependence and annealing. We also illustrate single event functional interruptions, which(More)
NAND Flash memories are the leader among high capacity non-volatile memory technologies and are becoming attractive also for radiation harsh environments, such as space. For these applications, a careful assessment of their sensitivity to radiation is needed. In this contribution, we analyze TID effects on the many different building blocks of NAND Flash(More)
We discuss new experimental results on the post-radiation annealing of Floating Gate errors in Flash memories with both NAND and NOR architecture. We investigate the dependence of annealing on the program level, linking the reduction in the number of Floating Gate errors to the evolution of the threshold voltage of each single cell. To understand the(More)
Electronic chips working in the space environment are constantly subject to both single event and total ionizing dose effects. To emulate this scenario for Flash memories, we tested under heavy ions floating gate cells, previously irradiated with x-rays, without performing any erase and program operation in between the two exposures. We observed an increase(More)
Heavy ion single-event measurements on a variety of high density commercial NAND flash memories are reported. Three single event effect (SEE) phenomena were investigated: single effect upsets (SEUs), single effect functional interrupts (SEFIs), and a new high current phenomenon which at high LETs results in catastrophic loss of ability to erase and program(More)
We investigate atmospheric neutron effects on floating gate cells in MLC NAND Flash memories. Loss of information is shown to occur especially at the highest program levels, but to an extent that does not challenge current error correction capabilities. We discuss the physical mechanisms and analyze scaling trends, which show a rapid increase in sensitivity(More)