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Among its pleiotropic actions, ghrelin modulates insulin secretion and glucose metabolism. Herein we investigated the role of ghrelin in pancreatic beta-cell proliferation and apoptosis induced by serum starvation or interferon (IFN)-gamma/TNF-alpha, whose synergism is a major cause for beta-cell destruction in type I diabetes. HIT-T15 beta-cells expressed(More)
Among its pleiotropic actions, ghrelin modulates insulin secretion and glucose metabolism. Herein we investigated the role of ghrelin in pancreatic ␤-cell proliferation and apoptosis induced by serum starvation or interferon (IFN)-␥/TNF-␣, whose synergism is a major cause for ␤-cell destruction in type I diabetes. HIT-T15 ␤-cells expressed ghrelin but not(More)
OBJECTIVE Obestatin is a newly discovered peptide encoded by the ghrelin gene whose biological functions are poorly understood. We investigated obestatin effect on survival of beta-cells and human pancreatic islets and the underlying signaling pathways. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS beta-Cells and human islets were used to assess obestatin effect on cell(More)
The metabolic actions of the ghrelin gene-derived peptide obestatin are still unclear. We investigated obestatin effects in vitro, on adipocyte function, and in vivo, on insulin resistance and inflammation in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD). Obestatin effects on apoptosis, differentiation, lipolysis, and glucose uptake were determined in vitro in mouse(More)
BACKGROUND Endometriosis is characterized by ectopic implantation of endometrial cells, which show increased proliferation and migration. Somatostatin (SST) and its analogues inhibit normal and cancer cell growth and motility through the SST receptors, sst1-5. Cortistatin (CST), which displays high structural and functional homology with SST, binds all(More)
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system plays essential role in the regulation of cell growth, proliferation and survival and affects nearly every organ system in the body. IGF-I, which has a high structural similarity to insulin, exerts growth-promoting effects, influences glucose metabolism and has neuroprotective and cardioprotective effects, partly(More)
The ghrelin gene products, namely acylated ghrelin (AG), unacylated ghrelin (UAG), and obestatin (Ob), were shown to prevent pancreatic beta-cell death and to improve beta-cell function under treatment with cytokines, which are major cause of beta-cell destruction in diabetes. Moreover, AG had been described previously to prevent streptozotocin(More)
Human amniotic fluid (HAF) contains multipotent stem cells [amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (AFSC)] which can differentiate into a variety of different cell types. Recently, we demonstrated that obestatin, a peptide encoded by the ghrelin gene, exerts anti-apoptotic effects in pancreatic beta-cells and human islets and increases the expression of genes(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of the GHRH antagonist JV-1-36 on proliferation and survival of primary ectopic human endometriotic stromal cells (ESCs) and the T HESC cell line. DESIGN Prospective laboratory study. SETTING University hospital. PATIENT(S) 22 women with endometriosis (aged 34.8+/-5.7 years) undergoing therapeutic laparoscopy. (More)
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