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INTRODUCTION Hirayama disease is a rare cervical myelopathy, predominantly affecting young males, which presents with distal atrophy of the upper limbs as its first and main symptom. It must be differentiated from motor neuron diseases because its natural history is different and because HD tends to stabilise in less than 5 years. Diagnosis is based on(More)
OBJECTIVE Treatment-resistant epilepsy (TRE) occurs in 20-30% of patients. The goal of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in this group of patients, including adult and pediatric populations and several off-label indications. METHODS This is a retrospective review of 59 consecutive patients in whom 60 VNS(More)
We report the case of a 24-year-old female patient who initially developed a neuroleptic malignant syndrome after haloperidol exposure and experienced 6 years later a serotonin syndrome after repeated fluoxetine exposure. The patient did not respond to symptomatic treatment and died in this latter episode. At necropsy, no gross or microscopic changes were(More)
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