Martín Valdivia

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OBJECTIVE To explore and describe inequalities in health and use of health care as revealed by self-report in 12 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS A descriptive and exploratory study was performed based on the responses to questions on health and health care utilization that were included in general purpose household surveys.(More)
This article analyzes the magnitude and nature of socioeconomic differences in the utilization of outpatient health care services in Peru. In particular, it explores the potential equity-enhancing effect of the expansion and improvements in the network of health centres during the 1990s. The Peruvian health reform made relatively little progress in terms of(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine trends in stunting and overweight in Peruvian children, using 2006 WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study criteria. DESIGN Trend analyses using nationally representative cross-sectional surveys from Demographic and Health Surveys (1991-2011). We performed logistic regression analyses of stunting and overweight trends in(More)
OBJECTIVE This study evaluates whether recent positive economic trends and pro-poor health policies have resulted in more health equity and explores key factors that explain such change. METHODS This study focuses on the evolution of measures of health status (self-reported morbidity) and use of health care services obtained from the 2004 and 2008 rounds(More)
This paper offers empirical evidence on the impact of the expansion in health infrastructure of the 1990s upon child nutrition in Peru, as measured by the height for age z-score. Using a pooled sample of three rounds of the Peruvian DHS, I have controlled for biases in the allocation of public investments by using a district fixed effects model. The(More)
This report shows evidence about determinants of health status for urban adults and their effects on productivity. Accurate estimation of the effect of health on wages is always difficult to obtain due to endogeneity and measurement error of the health indicators that are available in household surveys for developing countries. The health measure used here(More)
Two commonly used metrics for assessing progress toward universal health coverage involve assessing citizens' rights to health care and counting the number of people who are in a financial protection scheme that safeguards them from high health care payments. On these metrics most countries in Latin America have already "reached" universal health coverage.(More)
org. María Laura Alzúa: CEDLAS-UNLP and CONICET; Francisco Haimovich: CEDLAS-UNLP and UCLA; CEDLAS: Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS), Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata; 6 No 777, (1900) La Plata, Argentina . The authors would like to thank Verónica(More)
We provide evidence of the social impact of community participation in public infrastructure programs in Peru, characterized by an innovative contracting mechanism using local firms for the maintenance of rural roads with supervision by community leaders. Using a difference-in-differences approach we find that road transitability leads to changes in(More)