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We studied 21 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease aged [mean (SD)] 63 (10) years, with a mean forced expiratory volume in 1 s of 40 (6)% and a peak oxygen uptake of 67 (11)% of predicted values. Patients trained for 6 weeks on a cycle ergometer at high work-rates (WR). Near-infrared spectroscopy was used to obtain the time-constant of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the long-term outcomes of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and laser in situ keratomilesis (LASIK) for myopia between -6 and -10 D. METHODS A retrospective, control-matched study including 68 eyes, 34 which underwent PRK and 34 LASIK, with myopia between -6 and -10 D, operated using the VISX 20/20 excimer laser, was performed.(More)
The usefulness and clinical applicability of quantitative plasma polymorphonuclear elastase determinations in the diagnosis of the severity of acute pancreatitis was analysed in a multicentre study and was compared with the usual prognostic systems of Ranson and Osborne et al. The study comprised 182 patients, 154 with a mild episode of acute pancreatitis(More)
Low response rates and concerns about safety have limited the implementation of treatment for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) in patients with HIV infection. The efficacy and safety of pegylated interferon (peg-IFN) plus ribavirin in HIV-infected patients with CHC were evaluated in a prospective, open-label, multicenter study. Sixty patients with persistently(More)
Acute myocardial infarction is accompanied by an increase in cellular oxidative stress in the pericardial coverings of the heart. Melatonin is a highly potent and efficient radical scavenger. Little research has been carried out concerning the relationship between this antioxidant and acute myocardial infarction in humans. In this work, serum levels of(More)
BACKGROUND Currently available evidence suggests a potentially protective role for interleukin (IL)-10 in atherosclerosis. Reactive oxygen species, such as superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide, peroxynitrite, and hydroxyl radical, seem to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of ischemia-reperfusion injury. The aim of this study was to assess whether a(More)
The clinical usefulness of the APACHE II and SAPS systems in the early prognostic classification of patients with acute pancreatitis has been evaluated in a prospective multicenter study. We aimed to identify early those patients with acute pancreatitis who should be monitored closely to expedite the detection and treatment of complications. One hundred(More)
AIMS Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease that, from its origin to its ultimate complications, involves inflammatory cells, inflammatory proteins, and inflammatory responses from vascular cells. It has been demonstrated that cytokine activities are under neuroendocrine control, in part exerted by the pineal gland through the circadian secretion of its main(More)