Martín Alejandro Olmos

Learn More
The presence of HIV-1 RNA in distal duodenal mucosa was evaluated in 44 HIV-1-positive patients. HIV-1 RNA was detected in gut tissue in antiretroviral-naive patients with high plasma viral loads, as well as in patients on HAART with plasma viral loads below the limit of detection and in patients on HAART with virological failure. The intestinal mucosa(More)
Oesophageal candidiasis is an epithelial infection which requires an immune deficiency. C. albicans is commonly the cause, although other species may also be responsible. Resistance to fluconazole, drug of choice for treatment, is an emerging problem. The objectives of the current paper were: to determine the frequency of oesophageal candidiasis in patients(More)
To compare H. pylori infection prevalence and gastric mucosa damage in HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected patients, gastric biopsies were systematically taken in 209 individuals who underwent upper Gl endoscopy (102 HIV-infected and 107 non-HIV-infected). H. pylori was found in 42 (41.1%) HIV-infected patients and in 53 (49.5%) non-HIV patients (P = 0.22,(More)
During 17 months, 73 HIV-positive patients with diarrhea lasting at least for 14 days, were studied prospectively. The patients had stool specimen examinations negative for enteric pathogens, or positive for one of them, but with no response to specific treatment. All patients were subcomitted to digestive endoscopy and biopsies were taken for(More)
UNLABELLED Upper gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, upper abdominal pain, heartburn, early satiety, bloating and anorexia, are frequently reported by HIV positive patients; however, their prevalence and diagnostic approach are unknown. AIMS To evaluate the frequency of endoscopic and histologic diagnosis in HIV positive patients with(More)
In 39 patients with indication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), an endoscopic cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was performed before the procedure whenever intermittent cholestasis, acute pancreatitis or ultrasonografic biliary tract dilatation were detected. No abnormality was found in 24 of them. In 14, bile duct stones were removed by endoscopic(More)
UNLABELLED Chronic diarrhea is still a problem of difficult management in patients with AIDS, even in the HAART (Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy) era. AIM To establish the most appropriate diagnostic procedure for HIV infected patients, with CD4 count below 200 cells/ml and chronic diarrhea, starting on HAART. METHODS Using a decision tree as the(More)
In order to separate malignancy from chronic liver disease, the ascitic fluid (AF) of 45 in-patients was studied prospectively. Protein, cholesterol, triglycerides, LDH and glucose concentrations were determined in AF. Ascites/Serum (A/S) protein and LDH ratios were also established. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) incidence was studied in the(More)
Opportunistic esophageal infections (Candida, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus) and idiophatic esophageal ulcerations are commonly found in HIV patients. However, motility disorders of the esophagus have seldom been investigated in this population. The aim of this prospective study was to determine the presence of motility disorders in HIV patients(More)