Martín A. Montecino

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Formation of skeletal elements during embryogenesis and the dynamic remodeling of bone in the adult involve an exquisite interplay of developmental cues, signaling proteins, transcription factors, and their coregulatory proteins that support differentiation of osteogenic lineage cells from the initial mesenchymal progenitor cell to the mature osteocyte in(More)
We present an overview of Runx involvement in regulatory mechanisms that are requisite for fidelity of bone cell growth and differentiation, as well as for skeletal homeostasis and the structural and functional integrity of skeletal tissue. Runx-mediated control is addressed from the perspective of support for biological parameters of skeletal gene(More)
We present an overview of the concepts of tissue-specific transcriptional control mechanisms essential for development of the bone cell phenotype. BMP2 induced transcription factors constitute a network of activities and molecular switches for bone development and osteoblast differentiation. Among these regulators are Runx2 (Cbfa1/AML3), the principal(More)
Genetic studies show that Msx2 and Dlx5 homeodomain (HD) proteins support skeletal development, but null mutation of the closely related Dlx3 gene results in early embryonic lethality. Here we find that expression of Dlx3 in the mouse embryo is associated with new bone formation and regulation of osteoblast differentiation. Dlx3 is expressed in osteoblasts,(More)
Heterotrimeric G-proteins transduce signals from heptahelical transmembrane receptors to different effector systems, regulating diverse complex intracellular pathways and functions. In brain, facilitation of depolarization-induced neurotransmitter release for synaptic transmission is mediated by Gsalpha and Gqalpha. To identify effectors for(More)
CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBP) are critical determinants for cellular differentiation and cell type-specific gene expression. Their functional roles in osteoblast development have not been determined. We addressed a key component of the mechanisms by which C/EBP factors regulate transcription of a tissue-specific gene during osteoblast(More)
During cell division, cessation of transcription is coupled with mitotic chromosome condensation. A fundamental biological question is how gene expression patterns are retained during mitosis to ensure the phenotype of progeny cells. We suggest that cell fate-determining transcription factors provide an epigenetic mechanism for the retention of gene(More)
The remodeling of chromatin is required for tissue-specific gene activation to permit interactions of transcription factors and coregulators with their cognate elements. Here, we investigate the chromatin-mediated mechanisms by which the bone-specific osteocalcin (OC) gene is transcriptionally activated during cessation of cell growth in ROS 17/2.8(More)
Abdominal-class homeodomain-containing (Hox) factors form multimeric complexes with TALE-class homeodomain proteins (Pbx, Meis) to regulate tissue morphogenesis and skeletal development. Here we have established that Pbx1 negatively regulates Hoxa10-mediated gene transcription in mesenchymal cells and identified components of a Pbx1 complex associated with(More)
Nucleic acids and regulatory proteins are compartmentalized in microenvironments within the nucleus. This subnuclear organization may support convergence and the integration of physiological signals for the combinatorial control of gene expression, DNA replication and repair. Nuclear organization is modified in many cancers. There are cancer-related changes(More)