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We present an overview of Runx involvement in regulatory mechanisms that are requisite for fidelity of bone cell growth and differentiation, as well as for skeletal homeostasis and the structural and functional integrity of skeletal tissue. Runx-mediated control is addressed from the perspective of support for biological parameters of skeletal gene(More)
CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBP) are critical determinants for cellular differentiation and cell type-specific gene expression. Their functional roles in osteoblast development have not been determined. We addressed a key component of the mechanisms by which C/EBP factors regulate transcription of a tissue-specific gene during osteoblast(More)
Nuclear components are functionally linked with the dynamic temporal and spatial compartmentalization, sorting and integration of regulatory information to facilitate its selective use. For example, the subnuclear targeting of transcription factors to punctate sites in the interphase nucleus mechanistically couples chromatin remodelling and the execution of(More)
Nucleic acids and regulatory proteins are compartmentalized in microenvironments within the nucleus. This subnuclear organization may support convergence and the integration of physiological signals for the combinatorial control of gene expression, DNA replication and repair. Nuclear organization is modified in many cancers. There are cancer-related changes(More)
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes are down-regulated during osteogenesis, myogenesis, and adipogenesis, necessitating a mechanistic understanding of interrelationships between growth control and phenotype commitment. Here, we show that cell fate-determining factors [MyoD, myogenin (Mgn), Runx2, C/EBPbeta] occupy rDNA loci and suppress rRNA expression during(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are known to regulate axonal refinement and dendritic branching. However, because NMDARs are abundantly present as tri-heteromers (e.g., NR1/NR2A/NR2B) during development, the precise role of the individual subunits NR2A and NR2B in these processes has not been elucidated. Ventral spinal cord neurons (VSCNs) provide a(More)
The remodeling of chromatin is required for tissue-specific gene activation to permit interactions of transcription factors and coregulators with their cognate elements. Here, we investigate the chromatin-mediated mechanisms by which the bone-specific osteocalcin (OC) gene is transcriptionally activated during cessation of cell growth in ROS 17/2.8(More)
The regulatory machinery that governs genetic and epigenetic control of gene expression is compartmentalized in nuclear microenvironments. Temporal and spatial parameters of regulatory complex organization and assembly are functionally linked to biological control and are compromised with the onset and progression of tumorigenesis providing a novel platform(More)
Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) mediates transcriptional silencing by catalyzing histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3), but its role in the maturation of postmitotic mammalian neurons remains largely unknown. We report that the PRC2 paralogs Ezh1 and Ezh2 are differentially expressed during hippocampal development. We show that depletion of(More)
We present an overview of the concepts of tissue-specific transcriptional control mechanisms essential for development of the bone cell phenotype. BMP2 induced transcription factors constitute a network of activities and molecular switches for bone development and osteoblast differentiation. Among these regulators are Runx2 (Cbfa1/AML3), the principal(More)