Martí Casals

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BACKGROUND The adherence to long tuberculosis (TB) treatment is a key factor in TB control programs. Always some patients abandon the treatment or die. The objective of this study is to identify factors associated with defaulting from or dying during antituberculosis treatment. METHODS Prospective study of a large cohort of TB cases diagnosed during(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about recurrent tuberculosis (TB) in developed countries. The objective of this study was to determine the probability of TB recurrence and the associated risk factors among cured patients in a city with moderate TB incidence. METHODS A population-based retrospective longitudinal study was carried out in Barcelona, Spain. All(More)
BACKGROUND To develop preliminary classification criteria for the cryoglobulinaemic syndrome or cryoglobulinaemic vasculitis (CV). METHODS Study part I developed a questionnaire for CV to be included in the formal, second part (study part II). Positivity of serum cryoglobulins was defined by experts as an essential condition for CV classification. In(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES An increase in syphilis infections since the mid 1990s has been documented, especially in homosexual men, in different European and North American cities. We intended to describe the characteristics of newly diagnosed cases of syphilis at the Sexually Transmitted Infections Unit of Barcelona in 2002 and 2003. PATIENTS AND METHOD(More)
SETTING The Dominican Republic is a high-incidence area for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB; 6.6% of initial cases). Standardised treatment regimens for MDR-TB may be a potential solution. OBJECTIVE To present the effectiveness of standard regimens under routine national conditions. DESIGN We reviewed all MDR-TB patients treated under routine(More)
BACKGROUND Modeling count and binary data collected in hierarchical designs have increased the use of Generalized Linear Mixed Models (GLMMs) in medicine. This article presents a systematic review of the application and quality of results and information reported from GLMMs in the field of clinical medicine. METHODS A search using the Web of Science(More)
BACKGROUND Health professionals and authorities strive to cope with heterogeneous data, services, and statistical models to support decision making on public health. Sophisticated analysis and distributed processing capabilities over geocoded epidemiological data are seen as driving factors to speed up control and decision making in these health risk(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis (TB) recurrence can be due to reinfection or relapse. The contribution of each to TB incidence and the factors associated with recurrence are not well known. Effectiveness of TB control programs is assessed in part by recurrence rates. The aim of this study was to establish the recurrence rate of TB in Barcelona, the associated risk(More)
The clinical phenotype of pemphigus is well explained by the combination of desmoglein (Dsg) 1 and Dsg3 distribution pattern and antiDsg autoantibody profile (Dsg compensation theory). It has been reported that neonatal skin has a similar Dsg distribution pattern to adult mucosal epithelia. We describe a newborn girl with mucocutaneous pemphigus vulgaris(More)
BACKGROUND The important increase in immigration during recent years has changed the epidemiology and control strategies for tuberculosis (TB) in many places. This study evaluates the effectiveness of intervention with community health workers (CHW) to improve contact tracing among immigrants. METHODS The study included all TB cases detected by the(More)