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A set of Saccharomyces cerevisiae expression vectors has been developed in which transcription is driven by a hybrid tetO-CYC1 promoter through the action of a tetR-VP16 (tTA) activator. Expression from the promoter is regulated by tetracycline or derivatives. Various modalities of promoter and activator are used in order to achieve different levels of(More)
We have developed an activator/repressor expression system for budding yeast in which tetracyclines control in opposite ways the ability of tetR-based activator and repressor molecules to bind tetO promoters. This combination allows tight expression of tetO- driven genes, both in a direct (tetracycline-repressible) and reverse (tetracycline-inducible) dual(More)
Budding yeast cells are assumed to trigger Start and enter the cell cycle only after they attain a critical size set by external conditions. However, arguing against deterministic models of cell size control, cell volume at Start displays great individual variability even under constant conditions. Here we show that cell size at Start is robustly set at a(More)
A promoter-substitution cassette has been constructed that allows one-step substitution of chromosomal gene promoters for the tetracycline-regulatable tetO promoter in yeast cells, which uses kanMX4 as selective marker for geneticin resistance. Oligonucleotides for PCR amplification of the cassette are designed to allow homologous recombination through(More)
The G1 cyclin Cln3 is a key activator of cell-cycle entry in budding yeast. Here we show that Whi3, a negative G1 regulator of Cln3, interacts in vivo with the cyclin-dependent kinase Cdc28 and regulates its localization in the cell. Efficient interaction with Cdc28 depends on an N-terminal domain of Whi3 that is also required for cytoplasmic localization(More)
Nutrients are among the most important trophic factors in all organisms. When deprived of essential nutrients, yeast cells use accumulated reserves to complete the current cycle and arrest in the following G1 phase. We show here that the Cln3 cyclin, which has a key role in the timely activation of SBF (Swi4-Swi6)- and MBF (Mbp1-Swi6)-dependent promoters in(More)
Yeast cells overexpressing the Ser/Thr protein phosphatase Ppz1 display a slow-growth phenotype. These cells recover slowly from alpha-factor or nutrient depletion-induced G1 arrest, showing a considerable delay in bud emergence as well as in the expression of the G1 cyclins Cln2 and Clb5. Therefore, an excess of the Ppz1 phosphatase interferes with the(More)
The transcriptional activator Ime1 is a key regulator of meiosis and sporulation in budding yeast. Ime1 is controlled at different levels by nutrients and cell-type signals. Previously, we have proposed that G(1) cyclins would transmit nutritional signals to the Ime1 pathway by preventing the accumulation of Ime1 within the nucleus. We show here that(More)
Eukaryotic cells commit in G1 to a new mitotic cycle or to diverse differentiation processes. Here we show that Whi3 is a negative regulator of Cln3, a G1 cyclin that promotes transcription of many genes to trigger the G1/S transition in budding yeast. Whi3 contains an RNA-recognition motif that specifically binds the CLN3 mRNA, with no obvious effects on(More)
The G1-to-S transition of the cell cycle in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae involves an extensive transcriptional program driven by transcription factors SBF (Swi4-Swi6) and MBF (Mbp1-Swi6). Activation of these factors ultimately depends on the G1 cyclin Cln3. To determine the transcriptional targets of Cln3 and their dependence on SBF or MBF, we first(More)