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Thirty years after oxygen isotope records from microfossils deposited in ocean sediments confirmed the hypothesis that variations in the Earth's orbital geometry control the ice ages, fundamental questions remain over the response of the Antarctic ice sheets to orbital cycles. Furthermore, an understanding of the behaviour of the marine-based West Antarctic(More)
The rate, concentration dependence and extent of histamine-evoked Weibel-Palade body (WPB) exocytosis were investigated with time-resolved fluorescence microscopy in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells expressing WPB-targeted chimeras of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). Exocytosis of single WPBs was characterized by an increase in EGFP(More)
Between 34 and 15 million years (Myr) ago, when planetary temperatures were 3-4 degrees C warmer than at present and atmospheric CO2 concentrations were twice as high as today, the Antarctic ice sheets may have been unstable. Oxygen isotope records from deep-sea sediment cores suggest that during this time fluctuations in global temperatures and(More)
The mouse corticotrophic tumour cell line AtT-20 naturally synthesizes pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) which is proteolytically processed to N-POMC(1-76), ACTH, beta-lipotrophin and beta-endorphin. The processed products are stored in secretory vesicles and released upon stimulation with specific secretagogues. AtT-20 cells which have been stably transfected(More)
Release of the endogenous opioid pentapeptide, met-enkephalin, from primary cultures of dissociated fetal rat hypothalamic cells was studied using an assay system which could both measure and differentiate between free met-enkephalin and the larger enkephalin-containing peptides (ECPs), which are the processing intermediates of the enkephalin precursor. The(More)
A number of thymic preparations are known to stimulate corticotropin (ACTH) release from pituitary cells but it remains unclear whether this effect is mediated by the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) receptor-associated pathway. We report here that thymosin fraction five (TF5), peptide MB-35 and possibly calf thymus histones can stimulate the release(More)
Thymosin fraction five (TF5), a well-characterized immunoregulatory thymic preparation, has been reported to stimulate corticotropin (ACTH) release from rat pituitary cells. Since a previous study in our laboratory had shown that TF5 was able to stimulate ACTH release from corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)-insensitive corticotropic tumor cells, it was(More)
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