Marshall T Bell

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BACKGROUND Paraplegia continues to complicate thoracoabdominal aortic interventions. The elusive mechanism of spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury has delayed the development of pharmacological adjuncts. Microglia, the resident macrophages of the central nervous system, can have pathological responses after a variety of insults. This can occur through(More)
OBJECTIVE Dexmedetomidine, an α-2a adrenergic agonist, given pre- and postoperatively was previously shown to attenuate neuronal injury in a murine model of spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion. In the brain, α-2 agonists have been shown to induce the phosphorylation of cyclic AMP response-element binding protein (CREB), a transcription factor necessary for(More)
BACKGROUND Paraplegia remains a devastating complication of thoracoabdominal aortic procedures resulting from spinal cord ischemia and reperfusion injury (SCIR). Pharmacologic interventions have not proven efficacious in attenuating this injury, with poor understanding of the underlying mechanisms. The resident macrophages, or microglia in the spinal cord,(More)
BACKGROUND Paraplegia secondary to spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury remains a devastating complication of thoracoabdominal aortic intervention. The complex interactions between injured neurons and activated leukocytes have limited the understanding of neuron-specific injury. We hypothesize that spinal cord neuron cell cultures subjected to(More)
OBJECTIVES Delayed paraplegia secondary to ischemia-reperfusion injury is a devastating complication of thoracoabdominal aortic surgery. Alpha-2 agonists have been shown to attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury, but the mechanism for protection has yet to be elucidated. A growing body of evidence suggests that astrocytes play a critical role in(More)
BACKGROUND Despite surgical adjuncts, paralysis remains a devastating complication after thoracoabdominal aortic interventions. Dexmedetomidine, a selective α-2a agonist commonly used for sedation in the critical care setting, has been shown to have protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion injuries in multiple organ systems. We hypothesized that(More)
BACKGROUND Despite investigation into preventable pharmacologic adjuncts, paraplegia continues to complicate thoracoabdominal aortic interventions. The alpha 2a adrenergic receptor agonist, dexmedetomidine, has been shown to preserve neurologic function and neuronal viability in a murine model of spinal cord ischemia reperfusion, although the mechanism(More)
BACKGROUND Paraplegia remains a devastating complication of aortic surgery, occurring in up to 20% of complex thoracoabdominal repairs. Erythropoietin (EPO) attenuates this injury in models of spinal cord ischemia. Upregulation of the beta-common receptor (βcR) subunit of the EPO receptor is associated with reduced damage in murine models of neural injury.(More)
BACKGROUND Lower extremity paralysis continues to complicate aortic interventions. The lack of understanding of the underlying pathology has hindered advancements to decrease the occurrence this injury. The current model demonstrates reproducible lower extremity paralysis following thoracic aortic occlusion. METHODS Adult male C57BL6 mice were(More)