Marshall S. Horwitz

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Polymorphonuclear neutrophils are the first cells recruited to inflammatory sites and form the earliest line of defense against invading microorganisms. Neutrophil elastase, proteinase 3, and cathepsin G are three hematopoietic serine proteases stored in large quantities in neutrophil cytoplasmic azurophilic granules. They act in combination with reactive(More)
Familial platelet disorder with predisposition to acute myelogenous leukemia (FPD/AML) is an autosomal dominant familial platelet disorder characterized by thrombocytopenia and a propensity to develop AML. Mutation analyses of RUNX1 in 3 families with FPD/AML showing linkage to chromosome 21q22.1 revealed 3 novel heterozygous point mutations (K83E,(More)
We report the discovery of GATA2 as a new myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)-acute myeloid leukemia (AML) predisposition gene. We found the same, previously unidentified heterozygous c.1061C>T (p.Thr354Met) missense mutation in the GATA2 transcription factor gene segregating with the multigenerational transmission of MDS-AML in three families and a GATA2(More)
Low oxygen levels have been shown to promote self-renewal in many stem cells. In tumors, hypoxia is associated with aggressive disease course and poor clinical outcomes. Furthermore, many aggressive tumors have been shown to display gene expression signatures characteristic of human embryonic stem cells (hESC). We now tested whether hypoxia might be(More)
Gfi1 transcriptionally governs hematopoiesis, and its mutations produce neutropenia. In an effort to identify Gfi1-interacting proteins and also to generate new candidate genes causing neutropenia, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen with Gfi1. Among other Gfi1-interacting proteins, we identified a previously uncharacterized member of the PR(More)
Human cyclic haematopoiesis (cyclic neutropenia, MIM 162800) is an autosomal dominant disease in which blood-cell production from the bone marrow oscillates with 21-day periodicity. Circulating neutrophils vary between almost normal numbers and zero. During intervals of neutropenia, affected individuals are at risk for opportunistic infection. Monocytes,(More)
Wenyu Zhou, Michael Choi, Daciana Margineantu, Lilyana Margaretha, Jennifer Hesson, Christopher Cavanaugh, C Anthony Blau, Marshall S Horwitz, David Hockenbery*, Carol Ware* and Hannele Ruohola-Baker* H Ruohola-Baker Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA, Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine (ISCRM), Seattle, WA,(More)
DAP kinase is a pro-apoptotic calcium-regulated serine/threonine kinase, whose expression is frequently lost in human tumours. Here we show that DAP kinase counteracts oncogene-induced transformation by activating a p19 ARF/p53-dependent apoptotic checkpoint. Ectopic expression of DAP kinase suppressed oncogenic transformation of primary embryonic(More)
The growth factor independent 1 (Gfi1) transcriptional regulator oncoprotein plays a crucial role in hematopoietic, inner ear, and pulmonary neuroendocrine cell development and governs cell processes as diverse as self-renewal of hematopoietic stem cells, proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, cell fate specification, and oncogenesis. However, the(More)
The RUNX1 transcription factor gene is frequently mutated in sporadic myeloid and lymphoid leukemia through translocation, point mutation or amplification. It is also responsible for a familial platelet disorder with predisposition to acute myeloid leukemia (FPD-AML). The disruption of the largely unknown biological pathways controlled by RUNX1 is likely to(More)