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Since the last comprehensive review in 1974, the Health Belief Model (HBM) has continued to be the focus of considerable theoretical and research attention. This article presents a critical review of 29 HBM-related investigations published during the period of 1974-1984, tabulates the findings from 17 studies conducted prior to 1974, and provides a summary(More)
The Health Belief Model, social learning theory (recently relabelled social cognitive theory), self-efficacy, and locus of control have all been applied with varying success to problems of explaining, predicting, and influencing behavior. Yet, there is conceptual confusion among researchers and practitioners about the interrelationships of these theories(More)
Over the past two decades, hundreds of articles, editorials, and commentaries have been published describing the considerable disruptive effects on quality of care of individuals noncompliance with health and medical advice. While much research has been directed at determining factors responsible for poor compliance, past studies have tended to focus upon(More)
Giant Meckel's diverticula are more likely to cause obstruction than bleeding. In neonates, this is commonly due to volvulus; in adults, it is usually due to adhesions and a mass effect. A lateral view of the abdomen following barium studies can be helpful. This entity should be included in the differential diagnosis of intestinal obstruction, especially(More)
The problem of patient compliance, as well as the ability of the physician to understand, detect, and improve compliance are described in relation to a new model of health decisions and patient behavior. The health decision model combines decision analysis, behavioral decision theory, and health beliefs. This model provides a framework for modifying general(More)
The concept of self-efficacy is receiving increasing recognition as a predictor of health behavior change and maintenance. The purpose of this article is to facilitate a clearer understanding of both the concept and its relevance for health education research and practice. Self-efficacy is first defined and distinguished from other related concepts. Next,(More)