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This study was an effort to establish the construct validity of measures designed to assess topical knowledge. We began with the assumption that the best way to find out how much people know about a topic is to interview them. The interview then became the criterion for validating three paper and pencil tests of topical knowledge. Elementary and junior high(More)
The clinical professional encounters conflict whenever he or she enters the courtroom. The psychiatrist's approach must not be simply diagnostic or simply legal. We cannot shed our clinical identity; indeed, the court depends on our clinical identity and expertise in its search for the truth. The psychiatric expert must be able to translate his or her(More)
PURPOSE Community-based health promotion (CBHP) aims at mobilising citizens for health-related issues in their environment, and at implementing health-promoting projects on the community level. Whereas recent political decisions support this approach, scientific studies dealing with theories and consequences of CBHP are scarce in Germany. Evaluation of CBHP(More)
As of October 2016, use of federal Older Americans Act funds for health promotion and disease prevention will be restricted to the Administration on Aging’s criteria for high-level evidence-based health promotion programs. Dissemination of these programs to rural communities remains limited. Therefore a strong need exists to identify strategies that(More)
BACKGROUND Although hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is associated with a reduced risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), use of this treatment among post-menopausal women is not widespread. The authors sought to determine the extent of HRT use in a select population of women at high risk for CAD. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was performed involving(More)
BACKGROUND Although the concepts of participation and empowerment are hallmarks of the WHO vision of health promotion, it is acknowledged that they are difficult to evaluate. Devising adequate study designs, indicators and methods for the assessment of participation and empowerment should take into account the experiences, concerns, working conditions and(More)
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