Marsha Wainwright

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Three experiments studied the effects of putative antagonists of opiate withdrawal in hamsters and rats. In Experiment 1, the calcium channel antagonists verapamil (20 mg/kg) and nifedipine (20 mg/kg) failed to antagonize naloxone (1 mg/kg)-precipitated withdrawal in hamsters implanted with two 75-mg morphine pellets, whereas clonidine (0.4 mg/kg), the(More)
BACKGROUND This interim 12-month analysis is a part of an open-label, observational, prospective study on health outcomes and cost impact of levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG, Duodopa) in Parkinson disease (PD). The specific aim was to investigate clinical and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) effects in routine care. METHODS Unified PD rating(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity and insulin resistance are growing problems in HIV-positive (HIV+) women receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). OBJECTIVE The objective was to determine the contribution of adipose tissue (AT) enlargement and distribution to the presence of insulin resistance in obese HIV+ women. DESIGN Whole-body intermuscular AT(More)
BACKGROUND African Americans (AAs) have a higher prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes than do whites. Higher insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia have been reported in adult AAs than in whites. Differences in adipose tissue and its distribution may account for these findings. OBJECTIVE The objective was to ascertain whether differences between AA(More)
Plasma albumin concentration and intestinal permeability have been investigated in Bangladeshi children before and 9-14 d after successful treatment for ascariasis. Children infected with A. lumbricoides had lower plasma albumin concentrations than counterparts not harbouring this worm and values increased with successful treatment. Intestinal permeability(More)
Rats fed a restricted amount (60% of ad libitum intake) of a well-balanced diet (protein energy:total energy ratio of 0.20) had a reduced growth rate but maintained near-normal plasma albumin concentrations. However, when such animals were infected with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis (a hookwormlike intestinal parasite), plasma albumin values fell(More)
Alterations in plasma albumin concentration and gastrointestinal permeability have been investigated in rats infected with the nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and fed adequate or low protein diets. Infection caused only minor changes in growth and food consumption of well nourished rats but resulted in significant reductions in those fed the low(More)
An experiment designed to compare conditioned withdrawal in environments associated with the presence or absence of morphine was conducted in hamsters. For some animals, morphine administration was paired with distinctive environmental cues. For other animals, naloxone-precipitated withdrawal was paired with the distinctive environmental cues. For still(More)
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