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A candidate tumor suppressor gene, MMAC1/PTEN, located in human chromosome band 10q23, was recently identified based on sequence alterations observed in several glioma, breast, prostate, and kidney tumor specimens or cell lines. To further investigate the mutational profile of this gene in human cancers, we examined a large set of human tumor specimens and(More)
A common polymorphism in the cyclin D1 gene enhances the gene's alternate splicing. The alternatively spliced product encodes an altered protein that does not contain sequences involved in the turnover of the protein. We found that hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma patients who were homozygous or heterozygous for the mutant allele developed(More)
PURPOSE Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is an autosomal dominant syndrome of familial malignancies. Colorectal and endometrial cancers are most frequently observed. The syndrome results mainly from germ-line mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes. A common G-to-C polymorphism at codon 72 in the p53 gene has been associated with increased(More)
Statistical analyses of DNA sequences of the preproglucagon genes from bovine , human, hamster, and anglerfish suggest that a gene duplication creating two anglerfish genes (AF I and II) occurred about 160 Myr ago, long after the separation of fish and mammals. The analyses further suggest that the internal duplication producing the glucagon and(More)
KIT gain of function mutations play an important role in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Imatinib is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of ABL, platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR), and KIT and represents a new paradigm of targeted therapy against GISTs. Here we report for the first time that, after imatinib(More)
p21 (p21WAF1/Cip1), a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, induces G1 arrest and can inhibit the activity of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). We analyzed p21 expression during colorectal tumorigenesis, its association with its transcriptional regulator p53, and its relationship to rates of cell proliferation and apoptosis. p21 and p53 protein(More)
Metastatic melanoma cells express a number of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) that are considered to be targets for imatinib. We conducted a phase II trial of imatinib in patients with metastatic melanoma expressing at least one of these PTKs. Twenty-one patients whose tumours expressed at least one PTK (c-kit, platelet-derived growth factor receptors,(More)
PURPOSE Aurora-A and p16 play a major role in cell cycle checkpoint regulation. Both of them are important in the maintenance of centrosome duplication. Therefore, we hypothesized that polymorphisms in the two genes may interact or work together to influence the finely tuned mechanisms of cell cycle regulation that these proteins regulate. The purpose of(More)
Development of sensitive and specific biomarkers, preferably those circulating in body fluids is critical for early diagnosis of cancer. This study performed profiling of microRNAs (miRNAs) in exocrine pancreatic secretions (pancreatic juice) by microarray analysis utilizing pancreatic juice from 6 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients and two(More)
Methylation of promoter CpG islands in colorectal cancer (CRC) falls into two categories: age related and cancer specific. Most cancer-specific methylation at CpG islands occurs in a subset of cases that display the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP). The underlying cause of CIMP is not known. Using methylation-specific PCR, we studied 47 CRC patients(More)