Marsha L. Frazier

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A common polymorphism in the cyclin D1 gene enhances the gene's alternate splicing. The alternatively spliced product encodes an altered protein that does not contain sequences involved in the turnover of the protein. We found that hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma patients who were homozygous or heterozygous for the mutant allele developed(More)
A candidate tumor suppressor gene, MMACJ/PTEN,located in human chromosome band 10q23, was recentiy identified based on sequence al terations observed in several glioma, breast, prostate, and kidney tumor specimens or cell lines. To further Investigate the mutational profile of this gene in human cancers, we examined a large set of human tumor sped mens and(More)
Development of sensitive and specific biomarkers, preferably those circulating in body fluids is critical for early diagnosis of cancer. This study performed profiling of microRNAs (miRNAs) in exocrine pancreatic secretions (pancreatic juice) by microarray analysis utilizing pancreatic juice from 6 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients and two(More)
Metastatic melanoma cells express a number of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) that are considered to be targets for imatinib. We conducted a phase II trial of imatinib in patients with metastatic melanoma expressing at least one of these PTKs. Twenty-one patients whose tumours expressed at least one PTK (c-kit, platelet-derived growth factor receptors,(More)
Methylation of promoter CpG islands in colorectal cancer (CRC) falls into two categories: age related and cancer specific. Most cancer-specific methylation at CpG islands occurs in a subset of cases that display the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP). The underlying cause of CIMP is not known. Using methylation-specific PCR, we studied 47 CRC patients(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer in young women tends to have a natural history of aggressive disease for which rates of recurrence are higher than in breast cancers detected later in life. Little is known about the genetic pathways that underlie early-onset breast cancer. Here we report the discovery of DEAR1 (ductal epithelium-associated RING Chromosome 1), a(More)
Cancer survivors often relapse due to evolving drug-resistant clones and repopulating tumor stem cells. Our preclinical study demonstrated that terminal cancer patient's lymphocytes can be converted from tolerant bystanders in vivo into effective cytotoxic T-lymphocytes in vitro killing patient's own tumor cells containing drug-resistant clones and tumor(More)
BACKGROUND FGF21 is a promising intervention therapy for metabolic diseases as fatty liver, obesity and diabetes. Recent results suggest that FGF21 is highly expressed in hepatocytes under metabolic stress caused by starvation, hepatosteatosis, obesity and diabetes. Hepatic FGF21 elicits metabolic benefits by targeting adipocytes of the peripheral adipose(More)
The spectrum of cancers seen in a hospital based Lynch syndrome registry of mismatch repair gene mutation carriers was examined to determine the distribution of cancers and examine excess cancer risk. Overall there were 504 cancers recorded in 368 mutation carriers from 176 families. These included 236 (46.8 %) colorectal and 268 (53.2 %) extracolonic(More)
Mutations in N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2), a highly polymorphic enzyme involved in the metabolism of xenobiotics and carcinogens, may affect risk for colorectal cancer (CRC), especially among individuals with germ-line mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes. We determined the NAT2 genotypes and allele frequencies for 86 individuals with CRC who had(More)