Marsha L. Frazier

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KIT gain of function mutations play an important role in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Imatinib is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of ABL, platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR), and KIT and represents a new paradigm of targeted therapy against GISTs. Here we report for the first time that, after imatinib(More)
A common polymorphism in the cyclin D1 gene enhances the gene's alternate splicing. The alternatively spliced product encodes an altered protein that does not contain sequences involved in the turnover of the protein. We found that hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma patients who were homozygous or heterozygous for the mutant allele developed(More)
PURPOSE Aurora-A and p16 play a major role in cell cycle checkpoint regulation. Both of them are important in the maintenance of centrosome duplication. Therefore, we hypothesized that polymorphisms in the two genes may interact or work together to influence the finely tuned mechanisms of cell cycle regulation that these proteins regulate. The purpose of(More)
Development of sensitive and specific biomarkers, preferably those circulating in body fluids is critical for early diagnosis of cancer. This study performed profiling of microRNAs (miRNAs) in exocrine pancreatic secretions (pancreatic juice) by microarray analysis utilizing pancreatic juice from 6 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients and two(More)
Metastatic melanoma cells express a number of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) that are considered to be targets for imatinib. We conducted a phase II trial of imatinib in patients with metastatic melanoma expressing at least one of these PTKs. Twenty-one patients whose tumours expressed at least one PTK (c-kit, platelet-derived growth factor receptors,(More)
Methylation of promoter CpG islands in colorectal cancer (CRC) falls into two categories: age related and cancer specific. Most cancer-specific methylation at CpG islands occurs in a subset of cases that display the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP). The underlying cause of CIMP is not known. Using methylation-specific PCR, we studied 47 CRC patients(More)
PURPOSE Lynch syndrome family members with inherited germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes have a high risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), and cases typically have tumors that exhibit a high level of microsatellite instability (MSI). There is some evidence that smoking is a risk factor for CRCs with high MSI; however, the association of smoking(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer in young women tends to have a natural history of aggressive disease for which rates of recurrence are higher than in breast cancers detected later in life. Little is known about the genetic pathways that underlie early-onset breast cancer. Here we report the discovery of DEAR1 (ductal epithelium-associated RING Chromosome 1), a(More)
It has been estimated that there is a 90% overlap between mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of environmental chemicals (1) and that environmental exposure to carcinogens contributes to the development of more than 80% of human cancers (2). Cancer is also considered to be a genetic disease because genetic alterations at either chromosomal or gene levels have(More)
PURPOSE Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is an autosomal dominant syndrome of familial malignancies. Colorectal and endometrial cancers are most frequently observed. The syndrome results mainly from germ-line mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes. A common G-to-C polymorphism at codon 72 in the p53 gene has been associated with increased(More)