Marsha A Cunningham

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OBJECTIVES This study describes associations among caries experience and meal, snack and daily total exposures to beverages and foods in children. METHODS Subjects (n = 634) were members of the Iowa Fluoride Study. Beverage and food exposures were abstracted from 3-day diaries at 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 years and calculated for 1-5 years. Eating events were(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal computed tomographic (CT) scans are used in the evaluation of blunt trauma. The purpose of this study was to determine if isolated intraperitoneal fluid seen on CT scan necessitates laparotomy. METHODS Trauma registry records of patients who underwent abdominal computed tomography from January 1994 through January 1997 were studied.(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism for clearing the cervical spine in patients with altered mental status remains controversial. Recommendations have ranged from removal of the cervical collar after 24 hours in patients with normal radiographs, to indefinite immobilization in a cervical collar, and recently cervical flexion-extension examinations using dynamic(More)
Previous researchers typically have used attitude and opinion surveys to investigate consumers' perceived importance of dental services attributes. These approaches do not require consumers to trade-off among different attributes, however. The authors use conjoint analysis to analyze consumers' preferences for dental services described by a set of 24(More)
Student performance was compared on written and psychomotor skill tests of freshman dental students receiving conventional lectures versus the same lectures containing interactive components using TurningPoint, a wireless audience response system (ARS). The research design was a controlled crossover study with seventy-seven freshman dental students(More)
The rapidly increasing number of this country's elderly requires that dental hygiene students practice the clinical problem-solving skills of information gathering, assessment, and treatment applied to geriatric patients. Computer-based simulations are purported to provide this experience, but little research has been completed with simulations in the(More)