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The involvement of multiple species and serologic types in gram-negative bacteremia prompted evaluation of immunization with shared, cross-reactive antigens of gram negative bacilli. Active and passive immunization with Re chemotype mutants of Salmonella minnesota afforded significant protection against heterologous gram-negative bacilli and were(More)
The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of serum-sensitive strains of Escherichia coli was compared with LPS derived from serum-resistant clones. Polysaccharide O-antigen side chains (PSSC) of LPS from serum-resistant clones contained 12%-40% more of the longer carbohydrate molecules (L-PSSC) than did LPS from serum-sensitive parent strains; in contrast, 12%-27% more(More)
Rabbits were immunized with Salmonella minnesota Re mutant bacilli or lipid A, and the serological responses were compared. Re lipopolysaccharide and lipid A were found to possess distinct antigenic determinants as measured by hemagglutination, hemolysis, and precipitin techniques. Lipid A preparations from several enterobacterial and non-enterobacterial(More)
The protective effect of active immunization with Salmonella minnesota Re bacilli or lipid A was assessed in the granulocytopenic rabbit model. Animals were immunized with Re bacilli, lipid A, or Pseudomonas aeruginosa as a nonspecific immunogen. After colonization with one of three enterobacterial strains (two Escherichia coli, one Enterobacter aerogenes),(More)
The protection by antisera to O antigens and antigens (lipid A, the Re 595 mutant of Salmonella minnesota, and the J5 mutant of Escherichia coli) of the core portion of endotoxin against lethal challenge with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was compared. Rabbits immunized with the Re mutant developed antibody that protected mice against challenge with S. minnesota(More)
Vaccines prepared from unheated and boiled, acetone-precipitated Salmonella minnesota R595 (Re chemotype mutant) were administered subcutaneously to 122 healthy volunteers. Titers of antibody to Re lipopolysaccharide, the basal core structure of endotoxin, as measured by indirect hemagglutination, rose in a dose-responsive fashion after immunization.(More)
We evaluated the immunoglobulin class responsible for the protective activity in serum obtained from humans and rabbits after immunization with the R595 (Re chemotype) mutant of Salmonella minnesota. Whole serum obtained before immunization and the IgG and IgM fractions failed to protect mice against lethal challenge with viable Klebsiella pneumoniae or(More)
The demonstration of common antigens shared by all Enterobacteriaceae has led to evaluation of the effects of immunization of animals and man with these antigens in protecting against bacterial infections and challenge with LPS. Both active and passive immunization with the Re mutant of S. minnesota and the J5 mutant of E. coli afforded significant(More)