Marpadga Amarender Reddy

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Monocyte activation and adhesion to the endothelium play important roles in inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases. These processes are further aggravated by hyperglycemia, leading to cardiovascular complications in diabetes. We have previously shown that high glucose (HG) treatment activates monocytes and induces the expression of tumor necrosis factor(More)
The incidence of diabetes and its associated micro- and macrovascular complications is greatly increasing worldwide. The most prevalent vascular complications of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes include nephropathy, retinopathy, neuropathy and cardiovascular diseases. Evidence suggests that both genetic and environmental factors are involved in these(More)
Inflammation is emerging as an important mechanism for micro- and macrovascular complication of diabetes. The macrophage plays a key role in the chronic inflammatory response in part by generating particular cytokines. IL-1beta, IL-6, IL12, IL-18, TNFalpha, and interferon-gamma are produced primarily in macrophages and have been associated with accelerated(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes remains a major risk factor for vascular complications that seem to persist even after achieving glycemic control, possibly due to "metabolic memory." Using cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (MVSMC) from type 2 diabetic db/db mice, we recently showed that decreased promoter occupancy of the chromatin histone H3 lysine-9(More)
Nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-kappaB)-regulated inflammatory genes, such as TNF-alpha (tumor necrosis factor-alpha), play key roles in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases, including diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. However, the nuclear chromatin mechanisms are unclear. We report here that the chromatin histone H3-lysine 4 methyltransferase, SET7/9,(More)
Diabetic patients continue to develop inflammation and vascular complications even after achieving glycemic control. This poorly understood "metabolic memory" phenomenon poses major challenges in treating diabetes. Recent studies demonstrate a link between epigenetic changes such as chromatin histone lysine methylation and gene expression. We hypothesized(More)
There has been a rapid increase in the incidence of diabetes as well the associated vascular complications. Both genetic and environmental factors have been implicated in these pathologies. Increasing evidence suggests that epigenetic factors play a key role in the complex interplay between genes and the environment. Actions of major pathological mediators(More)
The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and its ligands have been implicated in the activation of oxidant stress and inflammatory pathways in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) leading to the initiation and augmentation of atherosclerosis. Here we report that non-receptor Src tyrosine kinase and the membrane protein caveolin-1 (Cav-1) play(More)
The mechanisms by which macrophages mediate the enhanced inflammation associated with diabetes complications are not completely understood. We used RNA sequencing to profile the transcriptome of bone marrow macrophages isolated from diabetic db/db mice and identified 1,648 differentially expressed genes compared with control db/+ mice. Data analyses(More)
Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and p21 in renal mesangial cells (MCs) plays a major role in glomerulosclerosis and hypertrophy, key events in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. However, the involvement of histone acetyl transferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) that(More)