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OBJECTIVE Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is among the most prominent cytokines in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and is secreted mainly by macrophages. A direct method for restoring the immunologic balance in RA is use of small interfering RNA (siRNA) for silencing the TNFalpha transcript. The aim of this study was to determine the therapeutic effect of(More)
OBJECTIVE Blocking tumor necrosis factor (TNF) effectively inhibits inflammation and joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but 40% of RA patients respond only transiently or not at all to the current anti-TNF biotherapies. The purpose of this study was to develop an alternative targeted therapy for this subgroup of RA patients. As proof of concept, we(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are now known to display not only stem cell multipotency, but also robust antiinflammatory and regenerative properties. After widespread in-vitro and in-vivo preclinical testing, autologous and allogeneic MSCs have been applied in a range of immune mediated conditions, including graft versus host disease, Crohn's disease,(More)
BACKGROUND In the context of preclinical development, we studied the potential of intra-articular gene delivery using a recombinant adeno-associated virus 5 (rAAV5) encoding a chimeric human tumour necrosis factoralpha (TNFalpha) soluble receptor I linked to a mouse immunoglobulin heavy chain Fc portion (TNF receptor I; TNFRI-Ig). METHODS Expression was(More)
The potential for gene delivery to joints, using recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vectors for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), has received much attention. Different serotypes have different virion shell proteins and, as a consequence, vary in their tropism for diverse tissues. The aim of this study was to compare the transduction(More)
OBJECTIVE RNA interference (RNAi) is a powerful tool for sequence-specific gene silencing, and interest in its application in human diseases is growing. Given the success of recent strategies for administering gene therapy in rheumatoid arthritis using recombinant vectors such as adeno-associated virus type 5 (rAAV5) for optimized intraarticular gene(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease of unknown etiology that is characterized by chronic systemic inflammation, mainly affecting the joints, leading to subsequent destruction of the cartilage and bone. RNA interference (RNAi) has been used as a remarkable new research tool to control gene expression and is ultimately envisioned to be useful(More)
To study the possible involvement of DNA cruciforms in the initiation of DNA replication, we used two monoclonal antibodies, 2D3 and 4B4, with anti-cruciform DNA specificity. Synchronized CV-1 cells were released into S phase for hourly intervals up to 6 h and permeabilized in the presence of monoclonal antibodies, under conditions that allow limited DNA(More)