Marnie M. Saunders

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Breast cancer progresses toward increasingly malignant behavior in tumorigenic and metastatic stages. In the series of events in the metastatic stage, tumor cells leave the primary tumor in breast and travel to distant sites where they establish secondary tumors, or metastases. In this report, we demonstrate that cell-cell communication via gap junctions is(More)
BACKGROUND Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications have been shown to delay fracture-healing. COX-2-specific inhibitors such as celecoxib have recently been approved for human use. Our goal was to determine, mechanically, histologically, morphologically, and radiographically, whether COX-2-specific inhibition affects bone-healing. METHODS A(More)
CONTEXT Progesterone (P4) influences ovarian cancer cells by an unknown mechanism. OBJECTIVE The objective was to determine whether P4 acts through progesterone receptor membrane component-1 (PGRMC1) in ovarian cancers. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS Archival tissue and cDNA provided by OriGene were used for expression studies. In vitro experiments were(More)
The strong correlation between a bone's architectural properties and the mechanical forces that it experiences has long been attributed to the existence of a cell that not only detects mechanical load but also structurally adapts the bone matrix to counter it. One of the most likely cellular candidates for such a "mechanostat" is the osteocyte, which(More)
Introduction of normal, neomycin-tagged human chromosome 11 (neo11) reduces the metastatic capacity of MDA-MB-435 human breast carcinoma cells by 70–90% without affecting tumorigenicity. Differential display comparing MDA-MB-435 and neo11/435 led to the discovery of a human breast carcinoma metastasis suppressor gene, BRMS1, which maps to chromosome(More)
Gap junctional channels between cells provide a pathway for exchange of regulatory ions and small molecules. We previously demonstrated that expression of connexins and cell-to-cell communication parallel osteoblastic differentiation and that nonspecific pharmacological inhibitors of gap junctional communication inhibit alkaline phosphatase activity. In(More)
The breast cancer metastasis-suppressor gene BRMS1 is downregulated in metastatic breast cancer cells. Previous reports have shown restoration of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in the metastatic human breast carcinoma cell line MDA-MB-435 (435) transfected with BRMS1 cDNA. Metastasis, to a large extent in most breast cancers, occurs to(More)
Receptor activator of Nf-kappaB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) have been implicated in bone metabolism. Specifically, the balance of these factors in conjunction with receptor activator of Nf-kappaB (RANK) is believed to be key in determining the rate of osteoclastogenesis and the net outcome of bone formation/resorption. While it is well accepted(More)
In this study, we developed an approach for prosthetic foot design incorporating motion analysis, mechanical testing and computer analysis. Using computer modeling and finite element analysis, a three-dimensional (3D), numerical foot model of the solid ankle cushioned heel (SACH) foot was constructed and analyzed based upon loading conditions obtained from(More)