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The strong correlation between a bone's architectural properties and the mechanical forces that it experiences has long been attributed to the existence of a cell that not only detects mechanical load but also structurally adapts the bone matrix to counter it. One of the most likely cellular candidates for such a "mechanostat" is the osteocyte, which(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the influence of temporary anchorage device (TAD) insertion variables on implant retention. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three hundred thirty TADs from three companies were placed in synthetic bone replicas at variable depths and angulations and compared. Clinically relevant forces were applied to the TADs until failure of retention(More)
Breast cancer progresses toward increasingly malignant behavior in tumorigenic and metastatic stages. In the series of events in the metastatic stage, tumor cells leave the primary tumor in breast and travel to distant sites where they establish secondary tumors, or metastases. In this report, we demonstrate that cell-cell communication via gap junctions is(More)
BACKGROUND Combined ankle and subtalar (tibiotalocalcaneal) arthrodesis is a procedure that can be used to successfully treat disabling foot and ankle arthropathy and is a reasonable salvage alternative to amputation for the treatment of nonbraceable neuropathic, diabetic, degenerative, or rheumatoid joints. Although many methods of tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC)(More)
The breast cancer metastasis-suppressor gene BRMS1 is downregulated in metastatic breast cancer cells. Previous reports have shown restoration of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) in the metastatic human breast carcinoma cell line MDA-MB-435 (435) transfected with BRMS1 cDNA. Metastasis, to a large extent in most breast cancers, occurs to(More)
In the current study, we examined the role of gap junctions in oscillatory fluid flow-induced changes in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration and prostaglandin release in osteoblastic cells. This work was completed in MC3T3-E1 cells with intact gap junctional communication as well as in MC3T3-E1 cells rendered communication deficient through expression of a(More)
BACKGROUND Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications have been shown to delay fracture-healing. COX-2-specific inhibitors such as celecoxib have recently been approved for human use. Our goal was to determine, mechanically, histologically, morphologically, and radiographically, whether COX-2-specific inhibition affects bone-healing. METHODS A(More)
CONTEXT Progesterone (P4) influences ovarian cancer cells by an unknown mechanism. OBJECTIVE The objective was to determine whether P4 acts through progesterone receptor membrane component-1 (PGRMC1) in ovarian cancers. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS Archival tissue and cDNA provided by OriGene were used for expression studies. In vitro experiments were(More)
Introduction of normal, neomycin-tagged human chromosome 11 (neo11) reduces the metastatic capacity of MDA-MB-435 human breast carcinoma cells by 70-90% without affecting tumorigenicity. Differential display comparing MDA-MB-435 and neo11/435 led to the discovery of a human breast carcinoma metastasis suppressor gene, BRMS1, which maps to chromosome(More)
It has been well demonstrated that bone adapts to mechanical loading. To accomplish this at the cellular level, bone cells must be responsive to mechanical loading (mechanoresponsive). This can occur via such mechanisms as direct cell deformation or signal transduction via complex pathways involving chemotransport, hormone response, and/or gene expression,(More)