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Inhibitory killer Ig-like receptors (KIR) at the surface of natural killer (NK) cells induced clustering of HLA-C at the contacting surface of target cells. In this manner, inhibitory immune synapses were formed as human NK cells surveyed target cells. At target/NK cell synapses, HLA-C/KIR distributed into rings around central patches of intercellular(More)
Viruses have evolved mechanisms to avoid the host immune system, including means of escaping detection by both the innate and adaptive immune responses. Natural killer (NK) cells are a central component of the innate immune system and are crucial in defense against certain viruses. To attain a state of chronic infection, some successful viruses have(More)
Natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity is determined by a balance of positive and negative signals. Negative signals are transmitted by NK inhibitory receptors (killer immunoglobulin-like receptors, KIR) at the site of membrane apposition between an NK cell and a target cell, where inhibitory receptors become clustered with class I MHC ligands in an(More)
The transcription factor Foxp3 participates dominantly in the specification and function of Foxp3(+)CD4(+) regulatory T cells (T(reg) cells) but is neither strictly necessary nor sufficient to determine the characteristic T(reg) cell signature. Here we used computational network inference and experimental testing to assess the contribution of other(More)
Immature thymocytes expressing autoreactive T-cell receptors (TCR) can adopt differing cell fates: clonal deletion by apoptosis or deviation into alternative lineages such as FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg). We revisited the role of the transcription factor Nr4a1 (Nur77), an immediate-early response gene induced by TCR engagement. Nr4a1KO mice show clear(More)
The transcription factor FoxP3 partakes dominantly in the specification and function of FoxP3 + CD4 + T regulatory cells (Tregs), but is neither strictly necessary nor sufficient to determine the characteristic Treg signature. Computational network inference and experimental testing assessed the contribution of other transcription factors (TF). Enforced(More)
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