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Hair is a primary characteristic of mammals, and exerts a wide range of functions including thermoregulation, physical protection, sensory activity, and social interactions. The hair shaft consists of terminally differentiated keratinocytes that are produced by the hair follicle. Hair follicle development takes place during fetal skin development and relies(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) network, including its seven ligands and four related receptors, represents one of the most complex signaling systems in biology. In many tissues, including the skin and its appendages (notoriously the hair follicles), its correct function is necessary for proper development and tissue homeostasis, and its(More)
The transcription factor Nrf2 is a key regulator of the cellular stress response, and pharmacological Nrf2 activation is a promising strategy for skin protection and cancer prevention. We show here that prolonged Nrf2 activation in keratinocytes causes sebaceous gland enlargement and seborrhea in mice due to upregulation of the growth factor epigen, which(More)
The expression of a dominant negative glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor (GIPRdn) under the control of the rat pro-insulin gene promoter induces severe diabetes mellitus in transgenic mice. This study aims to gain further insight into the effect of the expression of a dominant negative GIPR on glucose homeostasis and postnatal development(More)
BACKGROUND Lipid synthesis and storage are accomplished by lipid droplets (LDs). The perilipin family of LD-associated proteins, comprising 5 members (PLIN1-PLIN5), has been well characterized in adipocytes but not in sebocytes, epithelial cells in which LD formation is a key feature of the cellular differentiation. METHODS Perilipin expression in the(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) regulates key processes of cell biology, including proliferation, survival, and differentiation during development, tissue homeostasis, and tumorigenesis. Canonical EGFR activation involves the binding of seven peptide growth factors. These ligands are synthesized as transmembrane proteins comprising an N-terminal(More)
Gastric cancer (GC) is still one of the most common causes of cancer-related death worldwide, which is mainly attributable to late diagnosis and poor treatment options. Infection with Helicobacter pylori, different environmental factors and genetic alterations are known to influence the risk of developing gastric tumors. However, the molecular mechanisms(More)
Signaling through the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) by ligands such as epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor alpha (TGFA), and amphiregulin (AREG) has been reported to have effects on skeletal growth. The role of betacellulin (BTC), another EGFR ligand, in skeletal development and bone metabolism is unknown. In previous(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent and permanent cell lines which can differentiate into cell types of all the three germ layers. These features imply multiple opportunities for clinical applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Most of our knowledge on the biology and technology of ES cells is derived from studies with mouse ES(More)
Hyperactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in gastric cells due to excess of its ligand transforming growth factor-α (TGFA) is associated with hyperplastic lesions in Ménétrier's disease patients and in transgenic mice. Other EGFR ligands, however, have never been associated with stomach diseases. Here, we report that overexpression of(More)