Marloes Brückwilder

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We have blocked creatine kinase (CK)-mediated phosphocreatine (PCr) -->/<-- ATP transphosphorylation in skeletal muscle by combining targeted mutations in the genes encoding mitochondrial and cytosolic CK in mice. Contrary to expectation, the PCr level was only marginally affected, but the compound was rendered metabolically inert. Mutant muscles in vivo(More)
We have introduced a single knock-out mutation in the mitochondrial creatine kinase gene (ScCKmit) in the mouse germ line via targeted mutagenesis in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. Surprisingly, ScCKmit -/- muscles, unlike muscles of mice with a deficiency of cytosolic M-type creatine kinase (M-CK -/-; Van Deursen et al. (1993) Cell 74, 621-631), display(More)
Rat liver fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) can function as a fatty acid donor protein for both peroxisomal and mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation, since 14C-labeled palmitic acid bound to FABP is oxidized by both organelles. FABP is, however, not detected in peroxisomes and mitochondria of rat liver by ELISA. Acyl-CoA oxidase activity of isolated(More)
Individual members of the creatine kinase isoenzyme family (CK; EC 2.7.3.2), which play a prominent role in energy homeostasis, are encoded by four separate nuclear genes. We have isolated and characterized the complete mouse UbCKmit gene, the product of which is ubiquitously expressed and is located in the intermembrane space of mitochondria. Transcription(More)
1. Activities of peroxisomal oxidases and catalase were assayed at neutral and alkaline pH in liver and kidney homogenates from male rats fed a diet with or without 2% di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) for 12 days. 2. All enzyme activities were higher at alkaline than at neutral pH in both groups. 3. The effect of the DEHP-diet on the peroxisomal enzymes was(More)
Male rats were fed a diet with or without 2% di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) for 12 days. Total and peroxisomal oxidation rates of palmitic and arachidonic acid were increased in homogenates of liver and kidney after DEHP administration. The relative peroxisomal contribution to the total oxidation was only higher in liver. The activities of acyl-CoA(More)
Immunoblot analyses with antibodies against the peroxisomal beta-oxidation enzymes from rat liver showed the presence of these enzymes in rat and human liver and kidney and rat adrenal gland. The bifunctional protein could not be detected in muscle tissues or cultured muscle cells. Acyl-CoA oxidase was detected in rat heart and cultured human muscle cells.(More)
Immunoblot analyses of peroxisomal beta-oxidation enzymes showed that subunit A of acyl-CoA oxidase gave a stronger immunoreaction in fibroblasts of Zellweger and X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy patients than in those of controls. Subunits B and C and 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase were detected in fibroblasts of controls and X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy patients,(More)
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