Marlies Halder

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Potency testing of most human and veterinary rabies vaccines requires vaccination of mice followed by a challenge test using an intracerebral injection of live rabies virus. NICEATM, ICCVAM, and their international partners organized a workshop to review the availability and validation status of alternative methods that might reduce, refine, or replace the(More)
13 Summary Immunobiologicals (vaccines, immunoglobulins and –sera) are considered to be the most cost-effective tools in the prevention of infectious diseases. Their importance will further increase due to various eradication programmes of the WHO and EU and the emergence of new infectious diseases or the re-emergence of diseases as diphtheria and(More)
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