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A well known and established model in communication policy in sociology and marketing is that of opinion leadership. Opinion leaders are actors in a society who are able to affect the behavior of other members of the society called followers. Hence, opinion leaders might have a considerable impact on the behavior of markets and other social agglomerations(More)
This experiment investigates the social preferences and choices of economists and physicians for treating patients and compares the choices with those in a congruent neutrally framed allocation problem. The potential recipients differ with respect to their minimum needs as well as to their ability to profit from the receipt. Using the theoretical solutions,(More)
This experiment investigates decisions made by prospective economists and physicians in an allocation problem which can be framed either medically or neutrally. The potential recipients differ with respect to their minimum needs as well as to how much they benefit from a treatment. We classify the allocators as either 'selfish', 'Rawlsian', or 'maximizing(More)
FOR 655 Working Paper serves to disseminate the research results of work in progress prior to publication to encourage academic debate. Die Reihe " Priorisierung in der Medizin " umfasst Arbeits-und Forschungsberichte der DFG Forschergruppe FOR655 " Priorisierung in der Medizin: eine theoretische und empirische Analyse unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der(More)
The basic theme of this paper is to connect spatial voting concepts to the troubling Ostrogorski and Anscombe paradoxes (where a majority of the voters can be on the losing side over a majority of the issues). By doing so, answers to longstanding concerns are obtained; e.g., Kelly conjectured that an Ostrogorski paradox ensures that no candidate can be a(More)
Organ donation and allocation form a particularly instructive case of health care provision since, due to the necessity of resource pooling, there is a clear collective good aspect that might be missing in most other fields of health care. Though a strong moral case in favor of purely private organization of cadaveric organ donation and allocation in(More)
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