Marlies Ahlert

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A well known and established model in communication policy in sociology and marketing is that of opinion leadership. Opinion leaders are actors in a society who are able to affect the behavior of other members of the society called followers. Hence, opinion leaders might have a considerable impact on the behavior of markets and other social agglomerations(More)
This experiment investigates the social preferences and choices of economists and physicians for treating patients and compares the choices with those in a congruent neutrally framed allocation problem. The potential recipients differ with respect to their minimum needs as well as to their ability to profit from the receipt. Using the theoretical solutions,(More)
This experiment investigates decisions made by prospective economists and physicians in an allocation problem which can be framed either medically or neutrally. The potential recipients differ with respect to their minimum needs as well as to how much they benefit from a treatment. We classify the allocators as either 'selfish', 'Rawlsian', or 'maximizing(More)
Standardized and transparent priority setting in medicine, desirable as it is, will generally exacerbate inter-temporal equity problems arising from changes in treatment priorities: when can it be fair that the treatment of already waiting patients who would have had priority under an established system should be postponed (withheld) for an extended period(More)
In decisions on financing new and innovative health care technologies a central question is how to determine the value citizens place on the gains in health and life expectancy that result from respective medical treatments. We report results of surveys of four representative samples of the German population. In 2010 and 2012, in total about 5000(More)
FOR 655 Working Paper serves to disseminate the research results of work in progress prior to publication to encourage academic debate. Die Reihe " Priorisierung in der Medizin " umfasst Arbeits-und Forschungsberichte der DFG Forschergruppe FOR655 " Priorisierung in der Medizin: eine theoretische und empirische Analyse unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der(More)
It is assumed that medical guidelines specify the appropriate amount of a divisible good which each individual should receive. Individual requirements and probabilities that the treatment is successful if an appropriate amount is received differ. The same applies to the success probabilities if individuals are inadequately treated. If supply is insufficient(More)
Organ donation and allocation form a particularly instructive case of health care provision since, due to the necessity of resource pooling, there is a clear collective good aspect that might be missing in most other fields of health care. Though a strong moral case in favor of purely private organization of cadaveric organ donation and allocation in(More)
The basic theme of this paper is to connect spatial voting concepts to the troubling Ostrogorski and Anscombe paradoxes (where a majority of the voters can be on the losing side over a majority of the issues). By doing so, answers to longstanding concerns are obtained; e.g., Kelly conjectured that an Ostrogorski paradox ensures that no candidate can be a(More)