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Penicillium echinulatum has been identified as a potential cellulase producer for bioconversion processes but its cellulase system has never been investigated in detail. In this work, the volumetric activities of P. echinulatum cellulases were determined against filter paper (0.27 U/mL), carboxymethylcellulose (1.53 U/mL), hydroxyethylcellulose (4.68 U/mL),(More)
Mutagenesis and selection were applied to a strain of Penicillium echinulatum by treating conidia with hydrogen peroxide or 1,2,7,8-diepoxyoctane and then by incubating the conidia for 48 h in broth containing microcrystalline cellulose washed in 0.5% (w/v) aqueous 2-deoxyglucose before plating them onto cellulose agar containing 1.5% (w/v) glucose from(More)
Mushroom extracts are increasingly sold as dietary supplements because of several of their properties, including the enhancement of immune function and antitumor activity. We hypothesized that soluble polar substances present in mushroom extracts may show antioxidant and anticancer properties. This report shows that Brazilian aqueous extracts of Lentinula(More)
Mushrooms or fruiting bodies of many basidiomycetes are commonly produced in solid-state fermentation, generally after 20–60 days of growth. However, it is also possible to produce biomass from these fungi, in submerged fermentation in shorter time. This work was aimed at evaluating biomass production with the basidiomycete Pleurotus sajor-caju, in a(More)
The present work investigated the use of sorbitol as a soluble carbon source, in association with cellulose, to produce cellulases and xylanases in submerged cultures of Penicillium echinulatum 9A02S1. Because cellulose is an insoluble carbon source, in cellulase production, there are some problems with rheology and oxygen transfer. The submerged(More)
AIM To evaluate the solid-state fermentation (SSF) production of cellulase and hemicellulases (xylanases), by Penicillium echinulatum 9A02S1, in experiments carried out with different concentrations of the pretreated sugar cane bagasse (PSCB) and wheat bran (WB). METHODS AND RESULTS This study reports the production of xylanolytic and cellulolytic enzymes(More)
AIMS The aim of this study is to improve cellulase production and secretion by Penicillium echinulatum using mutagenesis and selection in association with microfermentation and microanalysis methods. METHODS AND RESULTS A new genetic variant was isolated from strain 9A02S1 and named S1M29. It was obtained by mutagenesis with H₂O₂ and two screening steps,(More)
Plant feedstocks are at the leading front of the biofuel industry based on the potential to promote economical, social and environmental development worldwide through sustainable scenarios related to energy production. Penicillium echinulatum is a promising strain for the bioethanol industry based on its capacity to produce large amounts of cellulases at(More)
The inducer effect of lactose on cellulase activity in Penicillium echinulatum 9A02S1 was studied. Submerged cultivation was performed using different concentrations of lactose and cellulose, in which the pH, mycelial mass, soluble proteins, filter paper activity (FPA), and activity of β-glucosidases were measured. The cultures containing lactose only(More)
BACKGROUND The enzymatic degradation of lignocellulosic materials by fungal enzyme systems has been extensively studied due to its effectiveness in the liberation of fermentable sugars for bioethanol production. Recently, variants of the fungus Penicillium echinulatum have been described as a great producer of cellulases and considered a promising strain(More)