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After growth of gonococci in the presence of cytidine monophospho-N-acetyl-neuraminic acid (CMP-NANA), their 4.5-kD lipooligosaccharide (LOS) component was increased by approximately 400 daltons, whereas the LOS of strains lacking the 4.5-kD component were unaffected. Expression of mAb-defined epitopes on the 4.5-kD component was decreased on LOS of strains(More)
Immuno-gold electron microscopy was used to assess the uptake pathways of aminoglycoside antibiotic kanamycin (KM) in sensory hair cells. Accumulation of gold particles was evident on the plasma membrane as well as in large smooth vesicles beneath the apical surfaces of hair cells 12 h after a systemic administration of KM. Immuno-gold was exclusively(More)
A cochlear frequency-place map was developed for adult chickens by labeling cochlear ganglion neurons with biocytin and correlating the location of each labeled fiber along the basilar papilla with the characteristic frequency of the unit's tuning curve. Labeled fibers showed little or no branching within the sensory epithelium and most fibers appeared to(More)
Adult chickens were exposed for 48 h to a 525 Hz, 120 dB SPL tone that destroyed the hair cells and tectorial membrane in a crescent-shaped patch along the abneural edge of the basilar papilla. Single-unit recordings were obtained from cochlear ganglion neurons 0-1, 5, 14 and 28 days post-exposure to determine what effect the cochlear lesion had on neural(More)
The incidence rate of pressure ulcers in the USA ranges from 0.4% to 38% in acute care settings and from 2.2% to 23.9% in long-term care settings, and their treatment costs are in the billions of dollars yearly. The proteome of wound fluid may contain early indicators or biomarkers associated with healing in pressure ulcers that would enable treatment(More)
Expression of lipooligosaccharide (LOS) antigenic determinants during human gonococcal infection was studied in secretions from seven men with gonococcal urethritis. Five monoclonal antibodies with distinct gonococcal LOS specificities and an H.8 lipoprotein monoclonal antibody were used in combination with immunogold electron microscopic analysis. The LOS(More)
Our recent study demonstrated that aminoglycoside antibiotics are taken up into sensory hair cells of the inner ear by receptor-mediated endocytosis (E. Hashino, M. Shero, Endocytosis of aminoglycoside antibiotics in sensory hair cells, Brain Res. 704 (1995) 135-140). To elucidate the intracellular trafficking pathway of aminoglycosides following(More)
Aminoglycoside antibiotics, such as kanamycin, have ototoxic side effects, which often result in degeneration of cochlear and vestibular hair cells in the inner ear. Cytotoxic effects of aminoglycosides, however, do not appear immediately after cellular uptake of aminoglycosides. In order to understand the mechanisms responsible for the delayed emergence of(More)
During development, parasympathetic ciliary ganglion neurons arise from the neural crest and establish synaptic contacts on smooth and striate muscle in the eye. The factors that promote the ciliary ganglion pioneer axons to grow toward their targets have yet to be determined. Here, we show that glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and(More)
In the Drosophila eye, proteins with an expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) tract form nuclear and cytoplasmic inclusions and produce cytotoxicity, demonstrated as loss of eye pigmentation and structural integrity. An EP P-element that suppressed the loss of eye pigmentation was inserted 9.7 kb upstream of dmrj, a gene that encodes an ortholog of a(More)