Marlena A. Moors

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All known virulence genes of Listeria monocytogenes are under positive regulation by the transcription factor PrfA. Previous work employing the L. monocytogenes strain NCTC7973 suggested that the disaccharide cellobiose might serve as a specific "signature molecule' which functions to prevent activation of the PrfA-controlled regulon in a soil environment.(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive intracytosolic pathogen that causes severe disease in pregnant and immunocompromised individuals. We found that L. monocytogenes lacking the lipoate protein ligase LplA1 was defective for growth specifically in the host cytosol and was less virulent in animals by a factor of 300. A major target for LplA1, the E2(More)
Listeria monocytogenes requires listeriolysin O (LLO) and ActA, the products of hly and actA, respectively, to establish a productive intracellular infection. LLO is essential for vacuolar lysis and entry into the cytosol, while ActA is required for bacterial spread to adjacent cells. We have used a transcriptional reporter gene system to compare the(More)
The induction of cytokine synthesis by flagellin is mediated by a Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) signaling pathway. Although flagellin activation of the IL-1R-associated kinase and induction of TNF-alpha synthesis are dependent on TLR5 and not TLR4, we have found that flagellin stimulates NO in macrophages via a pathway that requires TLR5 and TLR4. Flagellin(More)
Upon infection of mammalian cells, Listeria monocytogenes lyses the phagosome and enters the cytosol, where it secretes proteins necessary for its intracellular growth cycle. Consequently, bacterial proteins exposed to the cytosol are potential targets for degradation by host cytosolic proteases. One pathway for degradation of host cytosolic proteins, the(More)
Flagellin from various species of gram-negative bacteria activates monocytes to produce proinflammatory cytokines. We have analyzed the pathway by which Salmonella enteritidis flagellin (FliC) activates murine and human monocyte/macrophage-like cell lines. Since lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the principal immune stimulatory component of gram-negative bacteria,(More)
Candida albicans, an opportunistic fungal pathogen of humans, is dependent upon iron for growth. Consequently, human serum inhibits C. albicans growth due to the presence of high affinity iron-binding proteins that sequester serum iron, making it unavailable for use by the organism. We report that in the inhibitory environment of human serum, the growth of(More)
Primary aldosteronism encompasses 2 major underlying causes: (1) aldosterone producing adenoma and (2) bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. In addition to the aldosterone excess, increased production of other compounds of the steroidogenic pathways may be involved. Until recently, most studies examined the production of steroids other than aldosterone in tumor(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that Friend leukemia virus (FLV) induces a profound immunosuppression in susceptible mice. The studies described in this report indicate that mice infected with FLV have an increased susceptibility to subsequent infection with the opportunistic pathogen Candida albicans, as measured by increased numbers of C. albicans CFU(More)