Marlea Givens

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BACKGROUND Anemia is a common problem in critically ill patients. As a result, blood transfusions are often used in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. However, mounting evidence shows that blood transfusions may contribute to negative outcomes, such as transfusion-related infections, organ dysfunction, and immunosuppression. Supplementation with epoetin(More)
Three experiments observed differential electrodermal responding to signal stimuli (CSs) by contrasting positive, random, and negative contingencies between the signals and strong stimuli (UCSs). Experimentation began as a test of the proposition that electrodermal response to a random signal (or CSR) would lie between the response to a reinforced or(More)
BACKGROUND In certain situations, successful topical therapy of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) without the inconvenience, risk, and expense of surgery would be of great value to patients. Placing 5-fluorouracil (FU) in an appropriate carrier may solve these problems. Phosphatidyl choline (PC) penetrates effectively throughout the epidermis of shaved rabbits and(More)
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