Marlan O. Scully

Learn More
This is the first part of what will be a two-part review of distribution functions in physics. Here we deal with fundamentals and the second part will deal with applications. We discuss in detail the properties of the distribution function defined earlier by one of us (EPW) and we derive some new results. Next, we treat various other distribution functions.(More)
Michael M. Kash,1,5 Vladimir A. Sautenkov,1 Alexander S. Zibrov,1,3 L. Hollberg,3 George R. Welch,1 Mikhail D. Lukin,4 Yuri Rostovtsev,1 Edward S. Fry,1,2 and Marlan O. Scully1,2 1Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 2Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik, D-85748 Garching, Germany 3National Institute for Standards(More)
We introduce a hybrid technique that combines the robustness of frequency-resolved coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) with the advantages of time-resolved CARS spectroscopy. Instantaneous coherent broadband excitation of several characteristic molecular vibrations and the subsequent probing of these vibrations by an optimally shaped time-delayed(More)
Complementarity, perhaps the most basic principle of quantum mechanics, distinguishes the world of quantum phenomena from the realm of classical physics. Quantum mechanically, one can never expect to measure both precise position and momentum of a quantum at the same time. It is prohibited. We say that the quantum observables “position” and “momentum” are(More)
We present here a quantum Carnot engine in which the atoms in the heat bath are given a small bit of quantum coherence. The induced quantum coherence becomes vanishingly small in the high-temperature limit at which we operate and the heat bath is essentially thermal. However, the phase phi, associated with the atomic coherence, provides a new control(More)
Airborne contaminants, e.g., bacterial spores, are usually analyzed by time-consuming microscopic, chemical, and biological assays. Current research into real-time laser spectroscopic detectors of such contaminants is based on e.g., resonance fluorescence. The present approach derives from recent experiments in which atoms and molecules are prepared by one(More)
Classical heat engines produce work by operating between a high temperature energy source and a low temperature entropy sink. The present quantum heat engine has no cooler reservoir acting as a sink of entropy but has instead an internal reservoir of negentropy which allows extraction of work from one thermal bath. The process is attended by constantly(More)
Enhancing nonlinear processes at the nanoscale is a crucial step toward the development of nanophotonics and new spectroscopy techniques. Here we demonstrate a novel plasmonic structure, called plasmonic nanocavity grating, which is shown to dramatically enhance surface nonlinear optical processes. It consists of resonant cavities that are periodically(More)
A collection of static atoms is fixed in a crystal at a low temperature and prepared by a pulse of incident radiation of wave vector . The atoms are well described by an entangled Dicke-like state, in which each atom carries a characteristic phase factor exp(ik0.r(j)), where is the atomic position in the crystal. It is shown that a single photon absorbed by(More)