Marlaine C Smith

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Spontaneous and posed emotional facial expressions in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD, n = 12) were compared with those of healthy age-matched controls (n = 12). The intensity and amount of facial expression in PD patients were expected to be reduced for spontaneous but not posed expressions. Emotional stimuli were video clips selected from films,(More)
BACKGROUND Small studies of variable quality suggest that massage therapy may relieve pain and other symptoms. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of massage for decreasing pain and symptom distress and improving quality of life among persons with advanced cancer. DESIGN Multisite, randomized clinical trial. SETTING Population-based Palliative Care(More)
OBJECTIVES The prevalence of self-rated sleep disturbance in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and their spouses was compared with healthy controls, and the association of sleep disturbance with demographic, psychological, and disease variables was assessed. DESIGN The sleep ratings from three groups, PD patients, their spouses, and healthy controls,(More)
BACKGROUND Increased malnutrition and morbidity among Iraqi children after the onset of the Persian Gulf war have been reported by several fact-finding missions. The magnitude of the effect of the war and the economic embargo on child mortality remains uncertain, however. METHODS We conducted a survey of 271 clusters of 25 to 30 households each, chosen as(More)
AIMS To describe the attitudes toward and the use of folk remedies among caregivers of children who were hospitalised in Taiwan. BACKGROUND Parents incorporate folk remedies into the care of sick children in many cultures, including Taiwan. Twelve common folk remedies are commonly used in the Taiwanese culture for the care of sick children. DESIGN The(More)
PURPOSE To examine the effects of therapeutic massage on perception of pain, subjective sleep quality, symptom distress, and anxiety in patients hospitalized for treatment of cancer. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT Rogers' Science of Unitary Human Beings and Watson's theory of human caring. METHODS Quasiexperimental. The sample consisted of 41 patients admitted to(More)
To investigate the effect of dementia on response to pain, 51 community-dwelling, generally healthy, cognitively intact individuals > or = 65 years old and 44 community- or nursing home-dwelling persons > or = 65 years old with varying severity of dementia were studied. Cognitive status was assessed by standardized clinical evaluation and psychometric test(More)
The purpose of this article is to clarify the ambiguity surrounding the concept of caring through situating it within one conceptual system, the Science of Unitary Human Beings. An analysis of the dialogue on caring in nursing is presented. A process of concept clarification was developed to examine points of congruence between existing literature on caring(More)
We investigated the effects of distorted visual feedback on the drawing performance of a group with Parkinson's disease (PD) and a control group. Twenty older healthy adults and 20 PD patients copied figures onto a digitizer tablet with a pen under normal and distorted visual feedback conditions. PD patients were less able than controls to adjust the size(More)