Marla M. Vacek

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To achieve effective modulation of gene expression by antisense oligonucleotides, novel oligonucleotide chemistries that do not promote RNase H degradation of target RNA are needed. In addition to short-term oligonucleotide effects, long-term gene regulation can be accomplished by intracellularly expressed antisense RNAs delivered by viral vectors.
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is characterized by lymphadenopathy, elevated numbers of T cells with αβ-T cell receptors but neither CD4 nor CD8 co-receptors, and impaired lymphocyte apoptosis in vitro. Defects in the Fas receptor are the most common cause of ALPS (ALPS Ia), but in rare cases other apoptosis proteins have been implicated,(More)
Mutations at nucleotides 654, 705, or 745 in intron 2 of the human beta-globin gene activate aberrant 3' and 5' splice sites within the intron and prevent correct splicing of beta-globin pre-mRNA, resulting in inhibition of beta-globin synthesis and in consequence beta-thalassemia. Transfection of HeLa cells expressing the 3 thalassemic mutants with(More)
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a disorder of lymphocyte apoptosis characterized by non-malignant lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly, expansion of T cells without either CD4 or CD8 surface markers, and increased incidence of autoimmune diseases and lymphoma. Most patients with ALPS have dominant, heterozygous mutations in tumor necrosis(More)
Alternative splicing allows the production of several different proteins from a single pre-mRNA, resulting in an increased diversity of proteins derived from a relatively limited number of transcribed genes. Although it is necessary for normal development, alternative splicing and its aberrations are also implicated in disease states from thalassemia and(More)
PURPOSE To identify molecular defects in a girl with clinical features of MELAS (mitochondrial encephalomyopathy and lactic acidosis) and MERRF (ragged-red fibres) syndromes. METHODS The enzyme complex activities of the mitochondrial respiratory chain were assayed. Temporal temperature gradient gel electrophoresis was used to scan the entire mitochondrial(More)
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