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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MR signal changes after intravenous ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) injection are related to inflammatory cells at the subacute stages after focal cerebral injury. However, at the early stages, the interpretation of USPIO-related MR signal alterations remains controversial. Here, we compared MR signal changes after(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The intensity of the inflammatory response may be related to the volume of acute infarction. Ultra-small superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide (USPIO) may enable assessment of neuroinflammation. We aimed to assess whether the intensity of the inflammatory response might be related to the subacute ischemic lesion volume. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A growing body of evidence suggests that inflammatory processes are involved in the pathophysiology of stroke. Phagocyte cells, involving resident microglia and infiltrating macrophages, secrete both protective and toxic molecules and thus represent a potential therapeutic target. The aim of the present study was to monitor phagocytic(More)
MRI coupled with the intravenous injection of ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxides (USPIOs) is a promising tool for the study of neuroinflammation. Quantification of the approximate number of magnetically labelled macrophages may provide an effective and efficient method for monitoring inflammatory cells. The purpose of the present study(More)
In this prospective MRI study, we evaluated the impact of the site of occlusion on multiple baseline perfusion parameters and subsequent recanalization in 49 stroke patients who were given intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). Pretreatment magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) revealed an arterial occlusion in 47 patients: (1) internal carotid(More)
Epidemiologic studies report cardiovascular protection conferred by omega-3 fatty acids, in particular docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). However, few experimental studies have addressed its potential in acute stroke treatment. The present study used multimodal MRI to assess in vivo the neuroprotection conferred by DHA and by a brain-targeting form of(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES To compare the pharmacokinetics of a new macromolecular iodinated contrast medium, prototype P743, with a standard contrast agent (iobitridol) for spiral computed tomography pulmonary angiography in rabbits. METHODS Manual injection was first used to test the performance of P743 even in cases of nonoptimal bolus timing. Then a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The importance of hemodynamic changes related to a high-grade internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis remains a matter of controversy. Areas between the vascular territories of major cerebral arteries, namely, the border zones, may be selectively vulnerable to hemodynamic alteration. The aim of this study was to search for any(More)
This study sought to evaluate whether the therapeutic effects of an anti-inflammatory drug such as minocycline could be monitored by serial ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide (USPIO)-enhanced MRI in experimental stroke. Mice received a three-dose minocycline treatment (n = 12) or vehicle (n = 12) after permanent middle cerebral artery(More)
This study attempted to assess the accuracy and potential of lung magnetic resonance (MR) perfusion imaging compared with perfusion scintigraphy in the evaluation of patients with suspected lung perfusion defects. The technique, which uses an inversion recovery turbo-FLASH sequence with ultra-short TE (1.4 msec), was tested in 24 patients suspected(More)