Marlène Bras

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Programmed cell death (PCD)is a major component of normal development, preservation of tissue homeostasis, and elimination of damaged cells. Many studies have subdivided PCD into the three categories of apoptosis, autophagy, and necrosis based on criteria such as morphological alterations, initiating death signal, or the implication of caspases. However,(More)
Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) is a bifunctional NADH oxidase involved in mitochondrial respiration and caspase-independent apoptosis. Three alternatively spliced mRNA isoforms of AIF have been identified previously: AIF, AIF-exB, and AIFsh. Here, we report the cloning and the biochemical characterization of a new isoform named AIF short 2 (AIFsh2). AIFsh2(More)
AIF is a main mediator of caspase-independent cell death. It is encoded by a single gene located on chromosome X, region q25-26 and A6 in humans and mice, respectively. Previous studies established that AIF codes for two isoforms of the protein, AIF and AIF-exB. Here, we identify a third AIF isoform resulting from an alternate transcriptional start site(More)
PURPOSE Gamma-irradiation leads to activation of p53 tumour suppressor gene and to p53-dependant stimulation of a large panel of cellular genes including proapoptotic genes involved in intrinsic and extrinsic pathways. Most in vivo published data referred to high (lethal) irradiation doses. The present study was performed to analyse the p53-dependent(More)
IGF-II and type I-IGF receptor (IGF-IR) gene expression is increased in primary liver tumors, and transgenic mice overexpressing IGF-II in the liver develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) spontaneously, suggesting that alterations of IGF-IR signaling in vivo may play a role in the auto/paracrine control of hepatocarcinogenesis. We have addressed the(More)
Extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) can activate purinergic receptors of the plasma membrane and modulate multiple cellular functions. We report that ATP is released from HIV-1 target cells through pannexin-1 channels upon interaction between the HIV-1 envelope protein and specific target cell receptors. Extracellular ATP then acts on purinergic(More)
Ligation of CD47 triggers caspase-independent programmed cell death (PCD) in normal and leukemic cells. Here, we characterize the morphological and biochemical features of this type of death and show that it displays the hallmarks of type III PCD. A molecular and biochemical approach has led us to identify a key mediator of this type of death,(More)
BACKGROUND Programmed cell death has been traditionally related with caspase activation. However, it is now accepted that caspase-independent forms of programmed cell death also regulate cell death. In chronic lymphocytic leukemia, CD47 ligation induces one of these alternative forms of cell death: type III programmed cell death. This poorly understood(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Natural killer (NK) cells promote antiviral immunity by producing proinflammatory cytokines and by lysing infected cells. In addition, NK cells can modulate dendritic cell functions. NK-dendritic cell crosstalk results in activation of both cell types, with dendritic cells promoting NK-cell activity and NK cells inducing further maturation(More)